Anisotropy in the hardness of single crystal tungsten before and after neutron irradiation

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Anisotropy in the hardness of single crystal tungsten before and after neutron irradiation. / Yin, Chao; Bonny, Giovanni; Terentyev, Dmitry.

In: Journal of Nuclear Materials, Vol. 546, 152759, 28.12.2020, p. 1-7.

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@article{0449c4ea6fd64eaba069e9c78f058b87,
title = "Anisotropy in the hardness of single crystal tungsten before and after neutron irradiation",
abstract = "In this work, the hardness of single crystal tungsten (W) after low, medium and high temperature neu- tron irradiation, reaching up to 1200 °C, is studied. Micro-hardness tests with Vickers pyramid indenter are performed on reference and neutron irradiated samples by varying the orientation of the indenter on the single crystal tungsten contact surface. Due to the availability of multiple slip systems, the anisotropy of the hardness is characterized to allow the construction of uncertainty bands as well as dependence of the absolute value of the hardness on the orientation of the indenter wedges and principal crystallo- graphic axes of the crystal. The applied neutron fluence and flux is representative for the ITER reactor, where tungsten is selected as armour material for plasma facing components. The neutron irradiation is performed in the BR2 reactor with mixed neutron spectrum up to 1 dpa (end of life fluence for ITER) but with appropriate measures to reduce the thermal neutron flux, such that the spurious transmutation into rhenium is reduced. The hardness study is accompanied with a detailed microscale examination to deduce the true indenter surface area. As a result, the true values of the hardness accounting for the pile-up effects are obtained as a function rotation angle of the indenter. The variation of the hardness as a function of indenter orientation before and after irradiation is discussed based on the indenter-slip system geometry. A simple but efficient methodology is proposed to deduce the true hardness and its angle-dependent variation for single crystal tungsten.",
keywords = "Micro-hardness, Tungsten, Neutron irradiation, Anisotropy",
author = "Chao Yin and Giovanni Bonny and Dmitry Terentyev",
note = "Score=10",
year = "2020",
month = "12",
day = "28",
doi = "10.1016/j.jnucmat.2020.152759",
language = "English",
volume = "546",
pages = "1--7",
journal = "Journal of Nuclear Materials",
issn = "0022-3115",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Anisotropy in the hardness of single crystal tungsten before and after neutron irradiation

AU - Yin, Chao

AU - Bonny, Giovanni

AU - Terentyev, Dmitry

N1 - Score=10

PY - 2020/12/28

Y1 - 2020/12/28

N2 - In this work, the hardness of single crystal tungsten (W) after low, medium and high temperature neu- tron irradiation, reaching up to 1200 °C, is studied. Micro-hardness tests with Vickers pyramid indenter are performed on reference and neutron irradiated samples by varying the orientation of the indenter on the single crystal tungsten contact surface. Due to the availability of multiple slip systems, the anisotropy of the hardness is characterized to allow the construction of uncertainty bands as well as dependence of the absolute value of the hardness on the orientation of the indenter wedges and principal crystallo- graphic axes of the crystal. The applied neutron fluence and flux is representative for the ITER reactor, where tungsten is selected as armour material for plasma facing components. The neutron irradiation is performed in the BR2 reactor with mixed neutron spectrum up to 1 dpa (end of life fluence for ITER) but with appropriate measures to reduce the thermal neutron flux, such that the spurious transmutation into rhenium is reduced. The hardness study is accompanied with a detailed microscale examination to deduce the true indenter surface area. As a result, the true values of the hardness accounting for the pile-up effects are obtained as a function rotation angle of the indenter. The variation of the hardness as a function of indenter orientation before and after irradiation is discussed based on the indenter-slip system geometry. A simple but efficient methodology is proposed to deduce the true hardness and its angle-dependent variation for single crystal tungsten.

AB - In this work, the hardness of single crystal tungsten (W) after low, medium and high temperature neu- tron irradiation, reaching up to 1200 °C, is studied. Micro-hardness tests with Vickers pyramid indenter are performed on reference and neutron irradiated samples by varying the orientation of the indenter on the single crystal tungsten contact surface. Due to the availability of multiple slip systems, the anisotropy of the hardness is characterized to allow the construction of uncertainty bands as well as dependence of the absolute value of the hardness on the orientation of the indenter wedges and principal crystallo- graphic axes of the crystal. The applied neutron fluence and flux is representative for the ITER reactor, where tungsten is selected as armour material for plasma facing components. The neutron irradiation is performed in the BR2 reactor with mixed neutron spectrum up to 1 dpa (end of life fluence for ITER) but with appropriate measures to reduce the thermal neutron flux, such that the spurious transmutation into rhenium is reduced. The hardness study is accompanied with a detailed microscale examination to deduce the true indenter surface area. As a result, the true values of the hardness accounting for the pile-up effects are obtained as a function rotation angle of the indenter. The variation of the hardness as a function of indenter orientation before and after irradiation is discussed based on the indenter-slip system geometry. A simple but efficient methodology is proposed to deduce the true hardness and its angle-dependent variation for single crystal tungsten.

KW - Micro-hardness

KW - Tungsten

KW - Neutron irradiation

KW - Anisotropy

UR - https://ecm.sckcen.be/OTCS/llisapi.dll/open/41669693

U2 - 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2020.152759

DO - 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2020.152759

M3 - Article

VL - 546

SP - 1

EP - 7

JO - Journal of Nuclear Materials

JF - Journal of Nuclear Materials

SN - 0022-3115

M1 - 152759

ER -

ID: 6987368