Assessing the Impact of Flavophospholipol and Virginiamycin Supplementation on the Broiler Microbiota - a Prospective Controlled Intervention Study

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Assessing the Impact of Flavophospholipol and Virginiamycin Supplementation on the Broiler Microbiota - a Prospective Controlled Intervention Study. / Ahmed, Mohamed; Berkell, Matilda; Xavier, Britto; De Backer, Sarah; Lammens, Christine; Hautekiet, Veerle.

In: mSystems, Vol. 6, No. 4, e00381-21, 31.08.2021, p. 1-16.

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Ahmed, Mohamed ; Berkell, Matilda ; Xavier, Britto ; De Backer, Sarah ; Lammens, Christine ; Hautekiet, Veerle. / Assessing the Impact of Flavophospholipol and Virginiamycin Supplementation on the Broiler Microbiota - a Prospective Controlled Intervention Study. In: mSystems. 2021 ; Vol. 6, No. 4. pp. 1-16.

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@article{89d9ff8a1ddf4a3ba2cb38dfe3025e97,
title = "Assessing the Impact of Flavophospholipol and Virginiamycin Supplementation on the Broiler Microbiota - a Prospective Controlled Intervention Study",
abstract = "The antibiotic growth promoters (AGPs) flavophospholipol and virginiamycin have been widely used for decades in food animal production. AGP activity is believed to be partly modulated by gut microbial composition although exact AGPinduced changes remain unclear. In a controlled intervention study, we studied the effect of flavophospholipol and virginiamycin on the broiler chicken ileal microbiota spanning from birth to 39 days. Using 16S rRNA gene profiling and prediction of metabolic activity, we show that both AGPs result in dynamic microbial shifts that potentially increase anti-inflammatory mechanisms and bioavailability of several essential nutrients by decreasing degradation (flavophospholipol) or increasing biosynthesis (virginiamycin). Further, virginiamycin-supplemented broilers showed increased colonization with potentially pathogenic bacteria, Clostridium perfringens, Campylobacter, and Escherichia/Shigella spp. Overall, we show that both AGPs induce microbial changes potentially beneficial for growth. However, the increase in (foodborne) pathogens shown here with virginiamycin use could impact not only broiler mortality but also human health.",
keywords = "Flavomycin, Flavophospholipol, Virginiamycin, Broiler chicken, Microbiota, 16S rRNA sequencing",
author = "Mohamed Ahmed and Matilda Berkell and Britto Xavier and {De Backer}, Sarah and Christine Lammens and Veerle Hautekiet",
note = "Score=10",
year = "2021",
month = "8",
day = "31",
doi = "10.1128/mSystems.00381-21",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
pages = "1--16",
journal = "mSystems",
issn = "2379-5077",
publisher = "ASM - American Society for Microbiology",
number = "4",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Assessing the Impact of Flavophospholipol and Virginiamycin Supplementation on the Broiler Microbiota - a Prospective Controlled Intervention Study

AU - Ahmed, Mohamed

AU - Berkell, Matilda

AU - Xavier, Britto

AU - De Backer, Sarah

AU - Lammens, Christine

AU - Hautekiet, Veerle

N1 - Score=10

PY - 2021/8/31

Y1 - 2021/8/31

N2 - The antibiotic growth promoters (AGPs) flavophospholipol and virginiamycin have been widely used for decades in food animal production. AGP activity is believed to be partly modulated by gut microbial composition although exact AGPinduced changes remain unclear. In a controlled intervention study, we studied the effect of flavophospholipol and virginiamycin on the broiler chicken ileal microbiota spanning from birth to 39 days. Using 16S rRNA gene profiling and prediction of metabolic activity, we show that both AGPs result in dynamic microbial shifts that potentially increase anti-inflammatory mechanisms and bioavailability of several essential nutrients by decreasing degradation (flavophospholipol) or increasing biosynthesis (virginiamycin). Further, virginiamycin-supplemented broilers showed increased colonization with potentially pathogenic bacteria, Clostridium perfringens, Campylobacter, and Escherichia/Shigella spp. Overall, we show that both AGPs induce microbial changes potentially beneficial for growth. However, the increase in (foodborne) pathogens shown here with virginiamycin use could impact not only broiler mortality but also human health.

AB - The antibiotic growth promoters (AGPs) flavophospholipol and virginiamycin have been widely used for decades in food animal production. AGP activity is believed to be partly modulated by gut microbial composition although exact AGPinduced changes remain unclear. In a controlled intervention study, we studied the effect of flavophospholipol and virginiamycin on the broiler chicken ileal microbiota spanning from birth to 39 days. Using 16S rRNA gene profiling and prediction of metabolic activity, we show that both AGPs result in dynamic microbial shifts that potentially increase anti-inflammatory mechanisms and bioavailability of several essential nutrients by decreasing degradation (flavophospholipol) or increasing biosynthesis (virginiamycin). Further, virginiamycin-supplemented broilers showed increased colonization with potentially pathogenic bacteria, Clostridium perfringens, Campylobacter, and Escherichia/Shigella spp. Overall, we show that both AGPs induce microbial changes potentially beneficial for growth. However, the increase in (foodborne) pathogens shown here with virginiamycin use could impact not only broiler mortality but also human health.

KW - Flavomycin

KW - Flavophospholipol

KW - Virginiamycin

KW - Broiler chicken

KW - Microbiota

KW - 16S rRNA sequencing

UR - https://ecm.sckcen.be/OTCS/llisapi.dll/open/45205771

U2 - 10.1128/mSystems.00381-21

DO - 10.1128/mSystems.00381-21

M3 - Article

VL - 6

SP - 1

EP - 16

JO - mSystems

JF - mSystems

SN - 2379-5077

IS - 4

M1 - e00381-21

ER -

ID: 7185441