Atomistic study of the hardening of ferritic iron by Ni-Cr decorated dislocation loops

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Institutes & Expert groups

  • HZDR - Helmholtz,Zentrum Dresden, Rossendorf

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Abstract

The exact nature of the radiation defects causing hardening in reactor structural steels consists of several components that are not yet clearly determined. While generally, the hardening is attributed to dislocation loops, voids and secondary phases (radiation-induced precipitates), recent advanced experimental and computational studies point to the importance of solute-rich clusters (SRCs). Depending on the exact composition of the steel, SRCs may contain Mn, Ni and Cu (e.g. in reactor pressure vessel steels) or Ni, Cr, Si, Mn (e.g. in high-chromium steels for generation IV and fusion applications). One of the hypotheses currently implied to explain their formation is the process of radiation-induced diffusion and segregation of these elements to small dislocation loops (heterogeneous nucleation), so that the distinction between SRCs and loops becomes somewhat blurred. In this work, we perform an atomistic study to investigate the enrichment of loops by Ni and Cr solutes and their interaction with an edge dislocation. The dislocation loops decorated with Ni and Cr solutes are obtained by Monte Carlo simulations, while the effect of solute segregation on the loop's strength and interaction mechanism is then addressed by large scale molecular dynamics simulations. The synergy of the Cr-Ni interaction and their competition to occupy positions in the dislocation loop core are specifically clarified.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)430-437
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
Volume498
Issue number01
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • Iron, Ferritic steel, Precipitation, Dislocation, Molecular dynamics

ID: 3720264