Behavior of ferritic/martensitic steels after n-irradiation at 200 and 300 °C

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High chromium ferritic/martensitic (F/M) steels are considered as the most promising structural materials for accelerator driven systems (ADS). One drawback that needs to be quantified is the significant hardening and embrittlement caused by neutron irradiation at low temperatures with production of spallation elements. In this paper irradiation effects on the mechanical properties of F/M steels have been studied and comparisons are provided between two ferritic/martensitic steels, namely T91 and EUROFER97. Both materials have been irradiated in the BR2 reactor of SCK-CEN/Mol at 300 C up to doses ranging from 0.06 to 1.5 dpa. Tensile tests results obtained between 160 C and 300 C clearly show irradiation hardening (increase of yield and ultimate tensile strengths), as well as reduction of uniform and total elongation. Irradiation effects for EUROFER97 starting from 0.6 dpa are more pronounced compared to T91, showing a significant decrease in work hardening. The results are compared to our latest data that were obtained within a previous program (SPIRE), where T91 had also been irradiated in BR2 at 200 C (up to 2.6 dpa), and tested between 170 C and 300 C. Irradiation effects at lower irradiation temperatures are more significant.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-108
JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2008


  • T91, mechanical properties, neutron irradiation

ID: 329903