Comparison experiment on the sputtering of EUROFER, RUSFER and CLAM steels by deuterium ions: Journal Pre-proofs

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Authors

  • R. Arrendo
  • Martin Balden
  • Thomas Schwarz-Selinger
  • T. Höschen
  • Thomas Dürbeck
  • K. Hunger
  • K. Schlueter
  • A. Golubeva
  • P. Wang
  • Dmitry Terentyev
  • Wolfgang Jacob

Institutes & Expert groups

  • IPP - Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik
  • NRCKI - National research Center Kurchatov Institute
  • UCAS - University of Chinese Academy of Science
  • MPI - Max Planck Institute for Iron Research

Documents & links

Abstract

this work, the RAFM steels EUROFER, RUSFER and CLAM, along with a reference pure Fe sample, were all exposed to the same source of deuterium and analyzed using the same techniques, allowing a direct comparison of the experimental results. A 200 eV/D mass-selected deuterium ion beam at the SIESTA facility was used to bombard the samples to a fluence of 5×1024 D m-2 at 450 K. The surface morphology of the samples was investigated with Scanning Electron Microscopy. The sputter yield of the samples was determined by weight-loss measurements and confirmed by measurements of the eroded depth. The near-surface enrichment of W and Ta was investigated via Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy and Rutherford Backscattering Spectrometry. Grain-orientation-dependent sputtering was studied with Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy and Electron Backscatter Diffraction. Lastly, Nuclear Reaction Analysis and Thermal Desorption Spectrometry were employed to analyze deuterium retention in all the samples. The erosion behavior of all three steels under deuterium bombardment was confirmed to be similar. The measured sputter yield was comparable for all three steels, and significantly lower than that of pure Fe. Likewise, all steels develop a needle-like surface morphology under the given exposure conditions and a W- and Ta-enriched layer in the range of few nanometers, while the Fe sample remained smooth. Retained deuterium amounts were also comparable among the steel samples, and were overall larger than the retention measured for the pure Fe sample.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Article number101118
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalNuclear Materials and Energy
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jan 2022

Keywords

  • Sputtering, RAFM, EUROFER, RUSFER, CLAM, Roughness, SEM, EDX, EBSD, CLSM, XPS, NRA, TDS

ID: 7344512