Development of a Secondary SCRAM System for Fast Reactors and ADS Systems

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Development of a Secondary SCRAM System for Fast Reactors and ADS Systems. / Vanmaercke, Simon; Van den Eynde, Gert; Tijskens, Engelbert; Bartosiewicz, Yann; Scheveneels, Guy (Peer reviewer); Aït Abderrahim, Hamid (Peer reviewer).

In: Science and Technology of Nuclear Installations, Vol. 2012, 02.2012, p. 1-9.

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Vanmaercke, Simon ; Van den Eynde, Gert ; Tijskens, Engelbert ; Bartosiewicz, Yann ; Scheveneels, Guy ; Aït Abderrahim, Hamid. / Development of a Secondary SCRAM System for Fast Reactors and ADS Systems. In: Science and Technology of Nuclear Installations. 2012 ; Vol. 2012. pp. 1-9.

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@article{12d56408da934b7d85d7cd437d7aa751,
title = "Development of a Secondary SCRAM System for Fast Reactors and ADS Systems",
abstract = "One important safety aspect of any reactor is the ability to shutdown the reactor. A shutdown in an ADS can be done by stopping the accelerator or by lowering the multiplication factor of the reactor and thus by inserting negative reactivity. In current designs of liquid-metal-cooled GEN IV and ADS reactors reactivity insertion is based on absorber rods. Although these rod-based systems are duplicated to provide redundancy, they all have a common failure mode as a consequence of their identical operating mechanism, possible causes being a largely deformed core or blockage of the rod guidance channel. In this paper an overview of existing solutions for a complementary shut down system is given and a new concept is proposed. A tube is divided into two sections by means of aluminum seal. In the upper region, above the active core, spherical neutron-absorbing boron carbide particles are placed. In case of overpower and loss of coolant transients, the seal will melt. The absorber balls are then no longer supported and fall down into the active core region inserting a large negative reactivity. This system, which is not rod based, is under investigation, and its feasibility is verified both by experiments and simulations.",
keywords = "SCRAM, Absorber particles, MYRRHA",
author = "Simon Vanmaercke and {Van den Eynde}, Gert and Engelbert Tijskens and Yann Bartosiewicz and Guy Scheveneels and {A{\"i}t Abderrahim}, Hamid",
note = "Score = 10",
year = "2012",
month = feb,
doi = "10.1155/2012/351985",
language = "English",
volume = "2012",
pages = "1--9",
journal = "Science and Technology of Nuclear Installations",
issn = "1687-6075",
publisher = "Hindawi - Hindawi Publishing Corporation",

}

RIS - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Development of a Secondary SCRAM System for Fast Reactors and ADS Systems

AU - Vanmaercke, Simon

AU - Van den Eynde, Gert

AU - Tijskens, Engelbert

AU - Bartosiewicz, Yann

A2 - Scheveneels, Guy

A2 - Aït Abderrahim, Hamid

N1 - Score = 10

PY - 2012/2

Y1 - 2012/2

N2 - One important safety aspect of any reactor is the ability to shutdown the reactor. A shutdown in an ADS can be done by stopping the accelerator or by lowering the multiplication factor of the reactor and thus by inserting negative reactivity. In current designs of liquid-metal-cooled GEN IV and ADS reactors reactivity insertion is based on absorber rods. Although these rod-based systems are duplicated to provide redundancy, they all have a common failure mode as a consequence of their identical operating mechanism, possible causes being a largely deformed core or blockage of the rod guidance channel. In this paper an overview of existing solutions for a complementary shut down system is given and a new concept is proposed. A tube is divided into two sections by means of aluminum seal. In the upper region, above the active core, spherical neutron-absorbing boron carbide particles are placed. In case of overpower and loss of coolant transients, the seal will melt. The absorber balls are then no longer supported and fall down into the active core region inserting a large negative reactivity. This system, which is not rod based, is under investigation, and its feasibility is verified both by experiments and simulations.

AB - One important safety aspect of any reactor is the ability to shutdown the reactor. A shutdown in an ADS can be done by stopping the accelerator or by lowering the multiplication factor of the reactor and thus by inserting negative reactivity. In current designs of liquid-metal-cooled GEN IV and ADS reactors reactivity insertion is based on absorber rods. Although these rod-based systems are duplicated to provide redundancy, they all have a common failure mode as a consequence of their identical operating mechanism, possible causes being a largely deformed core or blockage of the rod guidance channel. In this paper an overview of existing solutions for a complementary shut down system is given and a new concept is proposed. A tube is divided into two sections by means of aluminum seal. In the upper region, above the active core, spherical neutron-absorbing boron carbide particles are placed. In case of overpower and loss of coolant transients, the seal will melt. The absorber balls are then no longer supported and fall down into the active core region inserting a large negative reactivity. This system, which is not rod based, is under investigation, and its feasibility is verified both by experiments and simulations.

KW - SCRAM

KW - Absorber particles

KW - MYRRHA

UR - http://ecm.sckcen.be/OTCS/llisapi.dll/open/ezp_124888

UR - http://knowledgecentre.sckcen.be/so2/bibref/9607

U2 - 10.1155/2012/351985

DO - 10.1155/2012/351985

M3 - Article

VL - 2012

SP - 1

EP - 9

JO - Science and Technology of Nuclear Installations

JF - Science and Technology of Nuclear Installations

SN - 1687-6075

ER -

ID: 342581