Diagnostic reference levels, deterministic and stochastic risks in pediatric interventional cardiology procedures

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Institutes & Expert groups

  • USJ - Saint Joseph University of Beirut
  • Hotel Dieu de France Hospital
  • LEAC CNRS - National Council for Scientific Research - Lebanese Atomic Energy Commission
  • Paris-Sud University Hospitals - Radiology and nuclear medicine department

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To establish diagnostic reference levels (DRLs) and investigate deterministic and stochastic risks in pediatric interventional cardiology (IC) procedures. Exposure parameters were retrospectively reviewed for 373 patients treated between May 2016 and November 2018 at a single specialized hospital. Weight specific DRLs were derived for pediatric IC procedures. Additionally, peak skin dose (Dskin,max) was measured using thermoluminescent dosimeters for a sample of 7 diagnostic and 43 therapeutic procedures. Finally, using PCXMC software, organ doses were computed and the risk of exposure-induced cancer death (REID) was estimated using the risk models of the Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation VII committee. DRLs for ventricular septal defect (VSD) occlusions, lacking in the literature, in terms of air kerma at patient entrance reference point (388 and 629 mGy) and total air kerma-area product (28 and 61 Gycm2) were proposed for patients weight-groups 5 − <15 kg and 15 − <30 kg, respectively. The mean (range) Dskin,max was 15 (1–30)mGy and 94 (1–491) mGy for diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, respectively. Meanwhile, VSDocclusion involved the highest organ doses where the lungs, liver, stomach, and breasts mean doses were 57, 37, 6, and 10 mGy, respectively, and the associated REID were 0.5% and 0.3% in female and male patients, respectively. DRLs were proposed for pediatric IC procedures; these will help optimize patient exposure. Dskin,max values were lower than the 2 Gy threshold for skin injuries. Pediatric organ doses and the REID were the highest during VSD occlusion and may be critical for repetitive procedures.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-95
Number of pages11
JournalHealth physics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020


  • operational topics, children, exposure, radiation, health effects

ID: 5765942