Effect of space conditions on neuronal plasticity and connectivity

Research output: ThesisDoctoral thesis

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@phdthesis{da55757bc6f74850bfa5b911f16c9559,
title = "Effect of space conditions on neuronal plasticity and connectivity",
abstract = "Looking for opportunities to explore new frontiers and developing new technologies have always been in the nature of mankind. In 1957, the first rocket in space opened a new era for space traveling towards other planets. Concomitantly, a wide range of concerns related to human health risks that could occur during spaceflight was raised. Up to now, a large number of experiments has been performed to determine the biological effects of space conditions on human health, in order to develop appropriate countermeasures. However, extensive investigations still need to be performed before considering long-term spaceflight towards other planets such as Mars. In this thesis, we studied concomitant microgravity and radiation exposures as models for space conditions and developed various methods to analyse their specific and combined effects on in vitro neuronal network models. In vitro primary neuronal network cultures were established and exposed to simulated space conditions to investigate neuronal network remodelling (plasticity and connectivity) as well as genomic damage/repair dynamics. This work was performed to address questions on neuronal network disorders occurring during spaceflights and, in the future, to develop strategies against these effects.",
keywords = "Mature neurons, neuronal network remodelling, neuronal network analysis, apoptosis, DNA damage/repair dynamics, space conditions, microgravity, ionizing radiation.",
author = "Giuseppe Pani and Sarah Baatout and Roel Quintens and Marjan Moreels",
note = "Score = 30",
year = "2013",
month = "6",
day = "19",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-90-5989-624-6",
publisher = "UGent - Universiteit Gent",
address = "Belgium",
school = "UGent - Universiteit Gent",

}

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TY - THES

T1 - Effect of space conditions on neuronal plasticity and connectivity

AU - Pani, Giuseppe

A2 - Baatout, Sarah

A2 - Quintens, Roel

A2 - Moreels, Marjan

N1 - Score = 30

PY - 2013/6/19

Y1 - 2013/6/19

N2 - Looking for opportunities to explore new frontiers and developing new technologies have always been in the nature of mankind. In 1957, the first rocket in space opened a new era for space traveling towards other planets. Concomitantly, a wide range of concerns related to human health risks that could occur during spaceflight was raised. Up to now, a large number of experiments has been performed to determine the biological effects of space conditions on human health, in order to develop appropriate countermeasures. However, extensive investigations still need to be performed before considering long-term spaceflight towards other planets such as Mars. In this thesis, we studied concomitant microgravity and radiation exposures as models for space conditions and developed various methods to analyse their specific and combined effects on in vitro neuronal network models. In vitro primary neuronal network cultures were established and exposed to simulated space conditions to investigate neuronal network remodelling (plasticity and connectivity) as well as genomic damage/repair dynamics. This work was performed to address questions on neuronal network disorders occurring during spaceflights and, in the future, to develop strategies against these effects.

AB - Looking for opportunities to explore new frontiers and developing new technologies have always been in the nature of mankind. In 1957, the first rocket in space opened a new era for space traveling towards other planets. Concomitantly, a wide range of concerns related to human health risks that could occur during spaceflight was raised. Up to now, a large number of experiments has been performed to determine the biological effects of space conditions on human health, in order to develop appropriate countermeasures. However, extensive investigations still need to be performed before considering long-term spaceflight towards other planets such as Mars. In this thesis, we studied concomitant microgravity and radiation exposures as models for space conditions and developed various methods to analyse their specific and combined effects on in vitro neuronal network models. In vitro primary neuronal network cultures were established and exposed to simulated space conditions to investigate neuronal network remodelling (plasticity and connectivity) as well as genomic damage/repair dynamics. This work was performed to address questions on neuronal network disorders occurring during spaceflights and, in the future, to develop strategies against these effects.

KW - Mature neurons

KW - neuronal network remodelling

KW - neuronal network analysis

KW - apoptosis

KW - DNA damage/repair dynamics

KW - space conditions

KW - microgravity

KW - ionizing radiation.

UR - http://ecm.sckcen.be/OTCS/llisapi.dll/open/ezp_129541

M3 - Doctoral thesis

SN - 978-90-5989-624-6

PB - UGent - Universiteit Gent

CY - Ghent, Belgium

ER -

ID: 342757