Environmental Monitoring for Safeguards Using k0-standardized Neutron Activation Analysis

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Environmental Monitoring for Safeguards Using k0-standardized Neutron Activation Analysis. / Vermaercke, Peter; Farina Arbocco, F.; Sneyers, Liesel; Leal, A.S.; Bruggeman, Michel.

In: IEEE transactions on nuclear Science, Vol. 57, No. 5, 10.2010, p. 2773-2776.

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Vermaercke, Peter ; Farina Arbocco, F. ; Sneyers, Liesel ; Leal, A.S. ; Bruggeman, Michel. / Environmental Monitoring for Safeguards Using k0-standardized Neutron Activation Analysis. In: IEEE transactions on nuclear Science. 2010 ; Vol. 57, No. 5. pp. 2773-2776.

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@article{255fd28c167c45c785b791b9ecfa63c2,
title = "Environmental Monitoring for Safeguards Using k0-standardized Neutron Activation Analysis",
abstract = "Multi-elemental analysis of samples containing uranium by Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA) has been generally known as a problematic task due to the numerous radioisotopes produced from the uranium fission when the sample is irradiated with thermal neutrons. In -standardized NAA (k0-NAA), it is possible to correct for this effect through the introduction of -fission factors. In this work, the aim was to determine the feasibility of -NAA as a screening technique for accurate and U-235/U-238 isotopic ratio determination (we further refer to the technique as k0-UNAA) and where k0-UNAA could be positioned versus the other screening techniques.In k0-UNAA, we use an adapted formalismto determine the -U235/U-238 ratio. Several swipe samples spiked withdifferent isotopic ratios were analyzed and demonstrate the feasibility of k0-UNAA as a accurate and liable screening method for the quantification of environmental samples up to several tens of ng. At these levels the uranium concentration can be quantified with a reasonable uncertainty and reliable U235/U238 isotopic ratio analysis could also be performed.",
keywords = "k0-standardization, environmental monitoring, illicit trafficking, neutron activation analysis, safeguards, uranium",
author = "Peter Vermaercke and {Farina Arbocco}, F. and Liesel Sneyers and A.S. Leal and Michel Bruggeman",
note = "Score = 10",
year = "2010",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1109/TNS.2010.2052110",
language = "English",
volume = "57",
pages = "2773--2776",
journal = "IEEE transactions on nuclear Science",
issn = "0018-9499",
publisher = "IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers",
number = "5",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Environmental Monitoring for Safeguards Using k0-standardized Neutron Activation Analysis

AU - Vermaercke, Peter

AU - Farina Arbocco, F.

AU - Sneyers, Liesel

AU - Leal, A.S.

AU - Bruggeman, Michel

N1 - Score = 10

PY - 2010/10

Y1 - 2010/10

N2 - Multi-elemental analysis of samples containing uranium by Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA) has been generally known as a problematic task due to the numerous radioisotopes produced from the uranium fission when the sample is irradiated with thermal neutrons. In -standardized NAA (k0-NAA), it is possible to correct for this effect through the introduction of -fission factors. In this work, the aim was to determine the feasibility of -NAA as a screening technique for accurate and U-235/U-238 isotopic ratio determination (we further refer to the technique as k0-UNAA) and where k0-UNAA could be positioned versus the other screening techniques.In k0-UNAA, we use an adapted formalismto determine the -U235/U-238 ratio. Several swipe samples spiked withdifferent isotopic ratios were analyzed and demonstrate the feasibility of k0-UNAA as a accurate and liable screening method for the quantification of environmental samples up to several tens of ng. At these levels the uranium concentration can be quantified with a reasonable uncertainty and reliable U235/U238 isotopic ratio analysis could also be performed.

AB - Multi-elemental analysis of samples containing uranium by Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA) has been generally known as a problematic task due to the numerous radioisotopes produced from the uranium fission when the sample is irradiated with thermal neutrons. In -standardized NAA (k0-NAA), it is possible to correct for this effect through the introduction of -fission factors. In this work, the aim was to determine the feasibility of -NAA as a screening technique for accurate and U-235/U-238 isotopic ratio determination (we further refer to the technique as k0-UNAA) and where k0-UNAA could be positioned versus the other screening techniques.In k0-UNAA, we use an adapted formalismto determine the -U235/U-238 ratio. Several swipe samples spiked withdifferent isotopic ratios were analyzed and demonstrate the feasibility of k0-UNAA as a accurate and liable screening method for the quantification of environmental samples up to several tens of ng. At these levels the uranium concentration can be quantified with a reasonable uncertainty and reliable U235/U238 isotopic ratio analysis could also be performed.

KW - k0-standardization

KW - environmental monitoring

KW - illicit trafficking

KW - neutron activation analysis

KW - safeguards

KW - uranium

UR - http://ecm.sckcen.be/OTCS/llisapi.dll/open/ezp_111061

UR - http://knowledgecentre.sckcen.be/so2/bibref/7707

U2 - 10.1109/TNS.2010.2052110

DO - 10.1109/TNS.2010.2052110

M3 - Article

VL - 57

SP - 2773

EP - 2776

JO - IEEE transactions on nuclear Science

JF - IEEE transactions on nuclear Science

SN - 0018-9499

IS - 5

ER -

ID: 381933