High burn-up structure of U(Mo) dispersion fuel

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The evolution of the high burn-up structure (HBS) in U(Mo) fuel irradiated up to a burn-up of ~70% 235U or ~5 1021 f/cm3 or ~120 GWd/tHM is described and compared to the observation made on LWR fuel. Scanning and transmission electron microscopy was performed on several samples having different burn-ups in order to get a better understanding of the mechanisms leading to the high burn-up structure formation. Even though there are some substantial differences between the irradiation of ceramic and U(Mo) alloy fuels (crystal structure, enrichment, irradiation temperature …), it was found that in both fuels recrystallization initiates at the same threshold and progresses in a similar way with increasing fission density. In case of U(Mo), recrystallization leads to accelerated swelling of the fuel which could result in instability of the fuel plate.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)218-230
JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
Publication statusPublished - 26 Apr 2016


  • research reactor fuel, UMo, recrystallization

ID: 2344893