How would citizens react to official advice in a nuclear emergency Insights from research in three European countries

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How would citizens react to official advice in a nuclear emergency Insights from research in three European countries. / Turcanu, Catrinel; Sala, Roser; Perko, Tanja; Abelshausen, Bieke; Oltra, Cristian; Tomkiv, Yevgeniya; Oughton, Deborah; Liland, Astrid; Zeleznik, Nadja.

In: Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, 03.10.2020, p. 1-27.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Turcanu, C, Sala, R, Perko, T, Abelshausen, B, Oltra, C, Tomkiv, Y, Oughton, D, Liland, A & Zeleznik, N 2020, 'How would citizens react to official advice in a nuclear emergency Insights from research in three European countries', Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, pp. 1-27. https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-5973.12327

APA

Author

Turcanu, Catrinel ; Sala, Roser ; Perko, Tanja ; Abelshausen, Bieke ; Oltra, Cristian ; Tomkiv, Yevgeniya ; Oughton, Deborah ; Liland, Astrid ; Zeleznik, Nadja. / How would citizens react to official advice in a nuclear emergency Insights from research in three European countries. In: Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management. 2020 ; pp. 1-27.

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@article{fb38d855b63a4e13b583c8a5756c379e,
title = "How would citizens react to official advice in a nuclear emergency Insights from research in three European countries",
abstract = "Nuclear emergencies confront decision-makers, emergency actors and publics with several challenges, many of which are related to social, ethical and communication aspects. Based on empirical data from three European countries, this paper investigates citizens' potential behaviour in an emergency situation. It analyses relationships between self-assessed compliance with protective actions and a number of variables, including knowledge about protective actions, trustworthiness of communicators, perceived social norm (expectation of other residents' behaviour), perceived effectiveness and perceived difficulty of protective actions. Results suggest that most respondents expect to follow actions advised by authorities, except for leaving children at school or avoiding the use of phones. Moreover, large fractions of local and wider publics may seek to avoid risks by rejecting food produced in affected areas even when it satisfies legal norms or taking iodine tablets when not needed. Selfassessed compliance with protective actions is positively correlated with perceived social norm, perceived effectiveness and compliance with other actions; and negatively correlated with perceived difficulty. Higher trust in the regulator is associated with higher compliance with some actions, but mostly among the local populations. We argue that clarifying and anticipating societal concerns contributes to enhancing societal resilience and the response to nuclear accidents.",
keywords = "Behaviour, Nuclear emergency, Protective actions",
author = "Catrinel Turcanu and Roser Sala and Tanja Perko and Bieke Abelshausen and Cristian Oltra and Yevgeniya Tomkiv and Deborah Oughton and Astrid Liland and Nadja Zeleznik",
note = "Score=10",
year = "2020",
month = "10",
day = "3",
doi = "10.1111/1468-5973.12327",
language = "English",
pages = "1--27",
journal = "Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management",
issn = "1468-5973",
publisher = "Wiley - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - How would citizens react to official advice in a nuclear emergency Insights from research in three European countries

AU - Turcanu, Catrinel

AU - Sala, Roser

AU - Perko, Tanja

AU - Abelshausen, Bieke

AU - Oltra, Cristian

AU - Tomkiv, Yevgeniya

AU - Oughton, Deborah

AU - Liland, Astrid

AU - Zeleznik, Nadja

N1 - Score=10

PY - 2020/10/3

Y1 - 2020/10/3

N2 - Nuclear emergencies confront decision-makers, emergency actors and publics with several challenges, many of which are related to social, ethical and communication aspects. Based on empirical data from three European countries, this paper investigates citizens' potential behaviour in an emergency situation. It analyses relationships between self-assessed compliance with protective actions and a number of variables, including knowledge about protective actions, trustworthiness of communicators, perceived social norm (expectation of other residents' behaviour), perceived effectiveness and perceived difficulty of protective actions. Results suggest that most respondents expect to follow actions advised by authorities, except for leaving children at school or avoiding the use of phones. Moreover, large fractions of local and wider publics may seek to avoid risks by rejecting food produced in affected areas even when it satisfies legal norms or taking iodine tablets when not needed. Selfassessed compliance with protective actions is positively correlated with perceived social norm, perceived effectiveness and compliance with other actions; and negatively correlated with perceived difficulty. Higher trust in the regulator is associated with higher compliance with some actions, but mostly among the local populations. We argue that clarifying and anticipating societal concerns contributes to enhancing societal resilience and the response to nuclear accidents.

AB - Nuclear emergencies confront decision-makers, emergency actors and publics with several challenges, many of which are related to social, ethical and communication aspects. Based on empirical data from three European countries, this paper investigates citizens' potential behaviour in an emergency situation. It analyses relationships between self-assessed compliance with protective actions and a number of variables, including knowledge about protective actions, trustworthiness of communicators, perceived social norm (expectation of other residents' behaviour), perceived effectiveness and perceived difficulty of protective actions. Results suggest that most respondents expect to follow actions advised by authorities, except for leaving children at school or avoiding the use of phones. Moreover, large fractions of local and wider publics may seek to avoid risks by rejecting food produced in affected areas even when it satisfies legal norms or taking iodine tablets when not needed. Selfassessed compliance with protective actions is positively correlated with perceived social norm, perceived effectiveness and compliance with other actions; and negatively correlated with perceived difficulty. Higher trust in the regulator is associated with higher compliance with some actions, but mostly among the local populations. We argue that clarifying and anticipating societal concerns contributes to enhancing societal resilience and the response to nuclear accidents.

KW - Behaviour

KW - Nuclear emergency

KW - Protective actions

UR - https://ecm.sckcen.be/OTCS/llisapi.dll/open/41848589

U2 - 10.1111/1468-5973.12327

DO - 10.1111/1468-5973.12327

M3 - Article

SP - 1

EP - 27

JO - Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management

JF - Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management

SN - 1468-5973

ER -

ID: 7001526