Identification and characterization of NORM industries in Belgium

Research output: Contribution to report/book/conference proceedingsIn-proceedings paper

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Identification and characterization of NORM industries in Belgium. / Vanmarcke, Hans; Paridaens, Johan; Froment, Pascal; Van Cauteren, Jef; Timmermans, Cor; Cosemans, Christian; Sassi, Fiore; Loos, Mark (Peer reviewer).

CD rom, IRPA 12 proceedings. Buenos Aires, Argentina, 2008. p. 1-10.

Research output: Contribution to report/book/conference proceedingsIn-proceedings paper

Harvard

Vanmarcke, H, Paridaens, J, Froment, P, Van Cauteren, J, Timmermans, C, Cosemans, C, Sassi, F & Loos, M 2008, Identification and characterization of NORM industries in Belgium. in CD rom, IRPA 12 proceedings. Buenos Aires, Argentina, pp. 1-10, IRPA 2008 - 12th International Radiation Protection Association Congress, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 2008-10-19.

APA

Vanmarcke, H., Paridaens, J., Froment, P., Van Cauteren, J., Timmermans, C., Cosemans, C., ... Loos, M. (2008). Identification and characterization of NORM industries in Belgium. In CD rom, IRPA 12 proceedings (pp. 1-10). Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Vancouver

Vanmarcke H, Paridaens J, Froment P, Van Cauteren J, Timmermans C, Cosemans C et al. Identification and characterization of NORM industries in Belgium. In CD rom, IRPA 12 proceedings. Buenos Aires, Argentina. 2008. p. 1-10

Author

Vanmarcke, Hans ; Paridaens, Johan ; Froment, Pascal ; Van Cauteren, Jef ; Timmermans, Cor ; Cosemans, Christian ; Sassi, Fiore ; Loos, Mark. / Identification and characterization of NORM industries in Belgium. CD rom, IRPA 12 proceedings. Buenos Aires, Argentina, 2008. pp. 1-10

Bibtex - Download

@inproceedings{7c00ff79e02b400ea6591e42334ec73c,
title = "Identification and characterization of NORM industries in Belgium",
abstract = "An overview of the NORM issue in the Belgium industry is given, mainly based on a study on behalf of ONDRAF/NIRAS, the Belgian agency for radioactive waste. The phosphate industry was identified as the main source of enhanced natural radioactivity. In the non-ferro industry high activity-concentrations of the thorium decay series were identified with cassiterite (tin ore). Zircon sands with high uranium concentrations are applied for the production of precision casting molds. Almost every industry with a large turnover of materials has some problems with NORM. Examples of a blast furnace and a coal-fired power plant are given. In these cases the natural radioactivity is concentrated in blast furnace slag or fly ash, both of which are used as input material in the cement industry. The extraction and purification of ground water was also identified as a potential source for generating NORM sludges. Finally, ample remains from past NORM practices exist. A number of historical sites, including a former mining area of alum shale in the valley of the Meuse, several coal mining sites, a coltan processing site in Ghent and a radium facility in Olen were contaminated before present standards of radiological protection were developed.",
keywords = "NORM, enhanced natural radioactivity, Belgium, non-nuclear industry, phosphate industry, steel industry, coal-fired power plant, radium",
author = "Hans Vanmarcke and Johan Paridaens and Pascal Froment and {Van Cauteren}, Jef and Cor Timmermans and Christian Cosemans and Fiore Sassi and Mark Loos",
note = "Score = 1",
year = "2008",
month = "10",
day = "24",
language = "English",
pages = "1--10",
booktitle = "CD rom, IRPA 12 proceedings",

}

RIS - Download

TY - GEN

T1 - Identification and characterization of NORM industries in Belgium

AU - Vanmarcke, Hans

AU - Paridaens, Johan

AU - Froment, Pascal

AU - Van Cauteren, Jef

AU - Timmermans, Cor

AU - Cosemans, Christian

AU - Sassi, Fiore

A2 - Loos, Mark

N1 - Score = 1

PY - 2008/10/24

Y1 - 2008/10/24

N2 - An overview of the NORM issue in the Belgium industry is given, mainly based on a study on behalf of ONDRAF/NIRAS, the Belgian agency for radioactive waste. The phosphate industry was identified as the main source of enhanced natural radioactivity. In the non-ferro industry high activity-concentrations of the thorium decay series were identified with cassiterite (tin ore). Zircon sands with high uranium concentrations are applied for the production of precision casting molds. Almost every industry with a large turnover of materials has some problems with NORM. Examples of a blast furnace and a coal-fired power plant are given. In these cases the natural radioactivity is concentrated in blast furnace slag or fly ash, both of which are used as input material in the cement industry. The extraction and purification of ground water was also identified as a potential source for generating NORM sludges. Finally, ample remains from past NORM practices exist. A number of historical sites, including a former mining area of alum shale in the valley of the Meuse, several coal mining sites, a coltan processing site in Ghent and a radium facility in Olen were contaminated before present standards of radiological protection were developed.

AB - An overview of the NORM issue in the Belgium industry is given, mainly based on a study on behalf of ONDRAF/NIRAS, the Belgian agency for radioactive waste. The phosphate industry was identified as the main source of enhanced natural radioactivity. In the non-ferro industry high activity-concentrations of the thorium decay series were identified with cassiterite (tin ore). Zircon sands with high uranium concentrations are applied for the production of precision casting molds. Almost every industry with a large turnover of materials has some problems with NORM. Examples of a blast furnace and a coal-fired power plant are given. In these cases the natural radioactivity is concentrated in blast furnace slag or fly ash, both of which are used as input material in the cement industry. The extraction and purification of ground water was also identified as a potential source for generating NORM sludges. Finally, ample remains from past NORM practices exist. A number of historical sites, including a former mining area of alum shale in the valley of the Meuse, several coal mining sites, a coltan processing site in Ghent and a radium facility in Olen were contaminated before present standards of radiological protection were developed.

KW - NORM

KW - enhanced natural radioactivity

KW - Belgium

KW - non-nuclear industry

KW - phosphate industry

KW - steel industry

KW - coal-fired power plant

KW - radium

UR - http://ecm.sckcen.be/OTCS/llisapi.dll/open/ezp_91799

UR - http://knowledgecentre.sckcen.be/so2/bibref/5210

M3 - In-proceedings paper

SP - 1

EP - 10

BT - CD rom, IRPA 12 proceedings

CY - Buenos Aires, Argentina

ER -

ID: 213096