In-situ WB-STEM observation of dislocation loop behavior in reactor pressure vessel steel during post-irradiation annealing

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In-situ WB-STEM observation of dislocation loop behavior in reactor pressure vessel steel during post-irradiation annealing. / Du, Yufeng; Yoshida, Kenta; Shimada, Yusuke; Toyama, Takeshi; Inoue, Koji; Arakawa, Kazuto; Suzudo, Tomoaki; Konstantinovic, Milan; Gérard, Robert; Ohnuki, Somei.

In: Materialia, Vol. 12, 100778, 12.06.2020, p. 1-11.

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Harvard

Du, Y, Yoshida, K, Shimada, Y, Toyama, T, Inoue, K, Arakawa, K, Suzudo, T, Konstantinovic, M, Gérard, R & Ohnuki, S 2020, 'In-situ WB-STEM observation of dislocation loop behavior in reactor pressure vessel steel during post-irradiation annealing', Materialia, vol. 12, 100778, pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mtla.2020.100778

APA

Du, Y., Yoshida, K., Shimada, Y., Toyama, T., Inoue, K., Arakawa, K., ... Ohnuki, S. (2020). In-situ WB-STEM observation of dislocation loop behavior in reactor pressure vessel steel during post-irradiation annealing. Materialia, 12, 1-11. [100778]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mtla.2020.100778

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Du, Yufeng ; Yoshida, Kenta ; Shimada, Yusuke ; Toyama, Takeshi ; Inoue, Koji ; Arakawa, Kazuto ; Suzudo, Tomoaki ; Konstantinovic, Milan ; Gérard, Robert ; Ohnuki, Somei. / In-situ WB-STEM observation of dislocation loop behavior in reactor pressure vessel steel during post-irradiation annealing. In: Materialia. 2020 ; Vol. 12. pp. 1-11.

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@article{9c0f1076631d4c26ab7eb30b59d5fd0b,
title = "In-situ WB-STEM observation of dislocation loop behavior in reactor pressure vessel steel during post-irradiation annealing",
abstract = "To better understand the thermal stability of dislocation loops formed by long-term neutron irradiation in reactor pressure vessel (RPV) steels, in-situ scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) observation was performed for a surveillance test specimen of a European pressurized water reactor (PWR). The surveillance test specimen was neutron irradiated to a fluence of 8.2 ×10 23 neutrons • m − 2 . A membrane sample from the surveillance test specimen was annealed at 673 K and 723 K for 30 min using a heating holder, and the same area was in- situ observed under STEM. After annealing, dislocation loops with Burgers vectors of 1 2 ⟨111 ⟩and ⟨100 ⟩were quantitatively examined. When annealing temperature increased from 673 K to 723 K, the number of dislocation loops decreases, whereas the size of them becomes larger. Correspondingly, the proportion of ⟨100 ⟩dislocation loops changes from 27{\%} to 45{\%}. The ratio of ⟨100 ⟩to 1 2 ⟨111 ⟩loops increases with annealing temperature rising. The evolution process of dislocation loops during annealing at 723 K was in-situ observed and analyzed to shed light on the transformation mechanism of dislocation loops going from 1 2 ⟨111 ⟩to ⟨100 ⟩. It is the first time to directly observe that two 1 2 ⟨111 ⟩dislocation loops collide with each other and coalesce to form a ⟨100 ⟩dislocation loop. Moreover, small 1 2 ⟨111 ⟩dislocation loops could be absorbed by large ⟨100 ⟩dislocation loops, whereas the Burgers vector of ⟨100 ⟩loops remained unchanged. Dislocation decoration occurs during annealing due to the interaction between dislocations and loops. The dislocations decorated by loops are pretty stable during the continuous annealing process, which is well explained by molecular dynamics simulation.",
keywords = "RPV steel, Neutron irradiation, Dislocation loops, In-situ observation, WB-STEM",
author = "Yufeng Du and Kenta Yoshida and Yusuke Shimada and Takeshi Toyama and Koji Inoue and Kazuto Arakawa and Tomoaki Suzudo and Milan Konstantinovic and Robert G{\'e}rard and Somei Ohnuki",
note = "Score=10",
year = "2020",
month = "6",
day = "12",
doi = "10.1016/j.mtla.2020.100778",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
pages = "1--11",
journal = "Materialia",
issn = "2589-1529",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - In-situ WB-STEM observation of dislocation loop behavior in reactor pressure vessel steel during post-irradiation annealing

AU - Du, Yufeng

AU - Yoshida, Kenta

AU - Shimada, Yusuke

AU - Toyama, Takeshi

AU - Inoue, Koji

AU - Arakawa, Kazuto

AU - Suzudo, Tomoaki

AU - Konstantinovic, Milan

AU - Gérard, Robert

AU - Ohnuki, Somei

N1 - Score=10

PY - 2020/6/12

Y1 - 2020/6/12

N2 - To better understand the thermal stability of dislocation loops formed by long-term neutron irradiation in reactor pressure vessel (RPV) steels, in-situ scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) observation was performed for a surveillance test specimen of a European pressurized water reactor (PWR). The surveillance test specimen was neutron irradiated to a fluence of 8.2 ×10 23 neutrons • m − 2 . A membrane sample from the surveillance test specimen was annealed at 673 K and 723 K for 30 min using a heating holder, and the same area was in- situ observed under STEM. After annealing, dislocation loops with Burgers vectors of 1 2 ⟨111 ⟩and ⟨100 ⟩were quantitatively examined. When annealing temperature increased from 673 K to 723 K, the number of dislocation loops decreases, whereas the size of them becomes larger. Correspondingly, the proportion of ⟨100 ⟩dislocation loops changes from 27% to 45%. The ratio of ⟨100 ⟩to 1 2 ⟨111 ⟩loops increases with annealing temperature rising. The evolution process of dislocation loops during annealing at 723 K was in-situ observed and analyzed to shed light on the transformation mechanism of dislocation loops going from 1 2 ⟨111 ⟩to ⟨100 ⟩. It is the first time to directly observe that two 1 2 ⟨111 ⟩dislocation loops collide with each other and coalesce to form a ⟨100 ⟩dislocation loop. Moreover, small 1 2 ⟨111 ⟩dislocation loops could be absorbed by large ⟨100 ⟩dislocation loops, whereas the Burgers vector of ⟨100 ⟩loops remained unchanged. Dislocation decoration occurs during annealing due to the interaction between dislocations and loops. The dislocations decorated by loops are pretty stable during the continuous annealing process, which is well explained by molecular dynamics simulation.

AB - To better understand the thermal stability of dislocation loops formed by long-term neutron irradiation in reactor pressure vessel (RPV) steels, in-situ scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) observation was performed for a surveillance test specimen of a European pressurized water reactor (PWR). The surveillance test specimen was neutron irradiated to a fluence of 8.2 ×10 23 neutrons • m − 2 . A membrane sample from the surveillance test specimen was annealed at 673 K and 723 K for 30 min using a heating holder, and the same area was in- situ observed under STEM. After annealing, dislocation loops with Burgers vectors of 1 2 ⟨111 ⟩and ⟨100 ⟩were quantitatively examined. When annealing temperature increased from 673 K to 723 K, the number of dislocation loops decreases, whereas the size of them becomes larger. Correspondingly, the proportion of ⟨100 ⟩dislocation loops changes from 27% to 45%. The ratio of ⟨100 ⟩to 1 2 ⟨111 ⟩loops increases with annealing temperature rising. The evolution process of dislocation loops during annealing at 723 K was in-situ observed and analyzed to shed light on the transformation mechanism of dislocation loops going from 1 2 ⟨111 ⟩to ⟨100 ⟩. It is the first time to directly observe that two 1 2 ⟨111 ⟩dislocation loops collide with each other and coalesce to form a ⟨100 ⟩dislocation loop. Moreover, small 1 2 ⟨111 ⟩dislocation loops could be absorbed by large ⟨100 ⟩dislocation loops, whereas the Burgers vector of ⟨100 ⟩loops remained unchanged. Dislocation decoration occurs during annealing due to the interaction between dislocations and loops. The dislocations decorated by loops are pretty stable during the continuous annealing process, which is well explained by molecular dynamics simulation.

KW - RPV steel

KW - Neutron irradiation

KW - Dislocation loops

KW - In-situ observation

KW - WB-STEM

UR - https://ecm.sckcen.be/OTCS/llisapi.dll/open/39281149

U2 - 10.1016/j.mtla.2020.100778

DO - 10.1016/j.mtla.2020.100778

M3 - Article

VL - 12

SP - 1

EP - 11

JO - Materialia

JF - Materialia

SN - 2589-1529

M1 - 100778

ER -

ID: 6851924