Interaction of minor alloying elements of high-Cr ferritic steels with lattice defects: An ab initio study

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Abstract

Basic properties of minor alloying elements, namely Mo, W, Nb, Ta, V, Mn, Si entering the conventional and reduced-activation structural Fe–(9–12)Cr steels have been analyzed using ab initio calculations. The electronic structure calculations were applied to study the interaction of minor alloying elements with a number of important and well defined lattice structures, such as point defects, the 1/2〈1 1 1〉 screw dislocation core, high angle symmetric grain boundaries and free surfaces. The studied elements were classified according to their similarities and discrepancies regarding the interaction with the above mentioned defects. The refractory alloying elements are found to follow the same trend whereas Mn and Si exhibit peculiar behavior with respect to the interaction with both point and extended lattice defects. The obtained results are discussed and compared with previously published ab initio and available experimental data.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237-246
JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
Volume444
Issue number1-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2014

Keywords

  • structural steels, minor alloying elements, ab initio calculations.

ID: 205787