Intrapulmonary percussive ventilation improves lung function in cystic fibrosis patients chronically colonized with Pseudomonas aeruginosa: a pilot cross-over study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

Institutes & Expert groups

  • VUB - Vrije Universiteit Brussel
  • UGent - Universiteit Gent
  • Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussel

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Abstract

High levels of shear stress can prevent and disrupt Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm formation in vitro. Intrapulmonary percussive ventilation (IPV) could be used to introduce shear stress into the lungs of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients to disrupt biofilms in vivo. We performed a first-of-its-kind pilot clinical study to evaluate short-term IPV therapy at medium (200 bursts per minute, bpm) and high frequency (400 bpm) as compared to autogenic drainage (AD) on lung function and the behavior of P. aeruginosa in the CF lung in four patients who are chronically colonized by P. aeruginosa. A significant difference between the three
treatment groups was observed for both the forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) and the forced vital capacity (FVC) (p < 0.05). More specifically, IPV at high frequency significantly increased FEV1 and FVC compared to AD (p < 0.05) and
IPVat medium frequency (p < 0.001). IPVat high frequency enhanced the expression levels of P. aeruginosa planktonic marker genes, which was less pronounced with IPV at medium frequency or AD. In conclusion, IPV at high frequency could potentially alter the behavior of P. aeruginosa in the CF lung and improve lung function. 

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1143-1151
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Volume37
Publication statusPublished - 20 Mar 2018

Keywords

  • cystic fibrosis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, IPV

ID: 4183271