IPED: a highly efficient denoising tool for Illumina MiSeq Paired-end 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing data

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Abstract

Background The development of high-throughput sequencing technologies has revolutionized the field of microbial ecology via the sequencing of phylogenetic marker genes (e.g. 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing). Denoising, the removal of sequencing errors, is an important step in preprocessing amplicon sequencing data. The increasing popularity of the Illumina MiSeq platform for these applications requires the development of appropriate denoising methods. Results The newly proposed denoising algorithm IPED includes a machine learning method which predicts potentially erroneous positions in sequencing reads based on a combination of quality metrics. Subsequently, this information is used to group those error-containing reads with correct reads, resulting in error-free consensus reads. This is achieved by masking potentially erroneous positions during this clustering step. Compared to the second best algorithm available, IPED detects double the amount of errors. Reducing the error rate had a positive effect on the clustering of reads in operational taxonomic units, with an almost perfect correspondence between the number of clusters and the theoretical number of species present in the mock communities. Conclusion Our algorithm IPED is a powerful denoising tool for correcting sequencing errors in Illumina MiSeq 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing data. Apart from significantly reducing the error rate of the sequencing reads, it has also a beneficial effect on their clustering into operational taxonomic units. IPED is freely available at http://​science.​sckcen.​be/​en/​Institutes/​EHS/​MCB/​MIC/​Bioinformatics/​.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)192:1-192:11
Number of pages11
JournalBMC Bioinformatics
Volume17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Apr 2016

Keywords

  • bioinformatics, 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing, metagenomics, IPED

ID: 989460