Knowing the unknowns: Uncertainties during radiological emergencies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Standard

Knowing the unknowns: Uncertainties during radiological emergencies. / Hoti Krasniqi, Ferdiana; Perko, Tanja; Vasilike, Tafili; Sala, Roser; Zeleznik, Nadja; Tomkiv, Yevgeniya; Turcanu, Catrinel; Thijssen, Peter; Renn, Ortwin.

In: International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, Vol. 59, 102240, 17.04.2021, p. 1-15.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Hoti Krasniqi, F, Perko, T, Vasilike, T, Sala, R, Zeleznik, N, Tomkiv, Y, Turcanu, C, Thijssen, P & Renn, O 2021, 'Knowing the unknowns: Uncertainties during radiological emergencies', International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, vol. 59, 102240, pp. 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2021.102240

APA

Hoti Krasniqi, F., Perko, T., Vasilike, T., Sala, R., Zeleznik, N., Tomkiv, Y., Turcanu, C., Thijssen, P., & Renn, O. (2021). Knowing the unknowns: Uncertainties during radiological emergencies. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 59, 1-15. [102240]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2021.102240

Vancouver

Hoti Krasniqi F, Perko T, Vasilike T, Sala R, Zeleznik N, Tomkiv Y et al. Knowing the unknowns: Uncertainties during radiological emergencies. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. 2021 Apr 17;59:1-15. 102240. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2021.102240

Author

Hoti Krasniqi, Ferdiana ; Perko, Tanja ; Vasilike, Tafili ; Sala, Roser ; Zeleznik, Nadja ; Tomkiv, Yevgeniya ; Turcanu, Catrinel ; Thijssen, Peter ; Renn, Ortwin. / Knowing the unknowns: Uncertainties during radiological emergencies. In: International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. 2021 ; Vol. 59. pp. 1-15.

Bibtex - Download

@article{79befc66560a493993e0bcfe0120afbd,
title = "Knowing the unknowns: Uncertainties during radiological emergencies",
abstract = "Emergency management implies making decisions under uncertainty. Though this is a truism, uncertainties faced by different actors during radiological emergencies have not been investigated as intensively as other emergenciesand lack a systematic analysis during realistic conditions. Hence, the goal of this study is to identify and analyse the uncertainties that may appear during radiological emergencies. Furthermore, this research explores among which actors and at which stages of decision-making process these uncertainties appear.For this purpose, non-participatory observation has been used during 11 nuclear or radiological emergency exercises in the period of 2017–2018 at 29 observation points in 6 countries and 1 international exercise. Theobservers recorded actual behavior of different actors (participants of the observed exercises) under live conditions.Results provide valuable insights into the complex decision-making process related to actions taken for the protection of individuals and society at large during realistic exercises of a radiological emergency. Most uncertaintiessynthesized from our observations are related to the practical implementation of emergency actions, e.g. the potential for unexpected failure of communication tools or channels, or the inadequacy of emergencyplans to cope with the real situation. A high number of uncertainties were also associated to knowledge gaps, e.g. related to the consistency of radiological assessments or the insufficient familiarity of emergency actors with therules and procedures. The findings of this study can inspire emergency planners and other stakeholders to strengthen radiological emergency management, advance emergency response practices, and improve communicationand collaboration between different actors in emergency situations.",
keywords = "Uncertainties, Emergency management, Radiological and nuclear emergencies, nuclear accident",
author = "{Hoti Krasniqi}, Ferdiana and Tanja Perko and Tafili Vasilike and Roser Sala and Nadja Zeleznik and Yevgeniya Tomkiv and Catrinel Turcanu and Peter Thijssen and Ortwin Renn",
note = "Score=10",
year = "2021",
month = apr,
day = "17",
doi = "10.1016/j.ijdrr.2021.102240",
language = "English",
volume = "59",
pages = "1--15",
journal = "International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction",
issn = "2212-4209",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Knowing the unknowns: Uncertainties during radiological emergencies

AU - Hoti Krasniqi, Ferdiana

AU - Perko, Tanja

AU - Vasilike, Tafili

AU - Sala, Roser

AU - Zeleznik, Nadja

AU - Tomkiv, Yevgeniya

AU - Turcanu, Catrinel

AU - Thijssen, Peter

AU - Renn, Ortwin

N1 - Score=10

PY - 2021/4/17

Y1 - 2021/4/17

N2 - Emergency management implies making decisions under uncertainty. Though this is a truism, uncertainties faced by different actors during radiological emergencies have not been investigated as intensively as other emergenciesand lack a systematic analysis during realistic conditions. Hence, the goal of this study is to identify and analyse the uncertainties that may appear during radiological emergencies. Furthermore, this research explores among which actors and at which stages of decision-making process these uncertainties appear.For this purpose, non-participatory observation has been used during 11 nuclear or radiological emergency exercises in the period of 2017–2018 at 29 observation points in 6 countries and 1 international exercise. Theobservers recorded actual behavior of different actors (participants of the observed exercises) under live conditions.Results provide valuable insights into the complex decision-making process related to actions taken for the protection of individuals and society at large during realistic exercises of a radiological emergency. Most uncertaintiessynthesized from our observations are related to the practical implementation of emergency actions, e.g. the potential for unexpected failure of communication tools or channels, or the inadequacy of emergencyplans to cope with the real situation. A high number of uncertainties were also associated to knowledge gaps, e.g. related to the consistency of radiological assessments or the insufficient familiarity of emergency actors with therules and procedures. The findings of this study can inspire emergency planners and other stakeholders to strengthen radiological emergency management, advance emergency response practices, and improve communicationand collaboration between different actors in emergency situations.

AB - Emergency management implies making decisions under uncertainty. Though this is a truism, uncertainties faced by different actors during radiological emergencies have not been investigated as intensively as other emergenciesand lack a systematic analysis during realistic conditions. Hence, the goal of this study is to identify and analyse the uncertainties that may appear during radiological emergencies. Furthermore, this research explores among which actors and at which stages of decision-making process these uncertainties appear.For this purpose, non-participatory observation has been used during 11 nuclear or radiological emergency exercises in the period of 2017–2018 at 29 observation points in 6 countries and 1 international exercise. Theobservers recorded actual behavior of different actors (participants of the observed exercises) under live conditions.Results provide valuable insights into the complex decision-making process related to actions taken for the protection of individuals and society at large during realistic exercises of a radiological emergency. Most uncertaintiessynthesized from our observations are related to the practical implementation of emergency actions, e.g. the potential for unexpected failure of communication tools or channels, or the inadequacy of emergencyplans to cope with the real situation. A high number of uncertainties were also associated to knowledge gaps, e.g. related to the consistency of radiological assessments or the insufficient familiarity of emergency actors with therules and procedures. The findings of this study can inspire emergency planners and other stakeholders to strengthen radiological emergency management, advance emergency response practices, and improve communicationand collaboration between different actors in emergency situations.

KW - Uncertainties

KW - Emergency management

KW - Radiological and nuclear emergencies

KW - nuclear accident

UR - https://ecm.sckcen.be/OTCS/llisapi.dll?func=ll&objId=43572386&objAction=download

U2 - 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2021.102240

DO - 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2021.102240

M3 - Article

VL - 59

SP - 1

EP - 15

JO - International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction

JF - International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction

SN - 2212-4209

M1 - 102240

ER -

ID: 7097269