Leaching assessment as a component of environmental safety and durability analyses for NORM containing building materials

Research output: Contribution to report/book/conference proceedingsChapter

Standard

Leaching assessment as a component of environmental safety and durability analyses for NORM containing building materials. / van der Sloot, H.A.; Kosson, D.S.; Impens, Nathalie; Vanhoudt, Nathalie; Al Mahaini, Talal; Vandenhove, Hildegarde; Sweeck, Lieve; Wiegers, R.; Provis, J.L.; Gasco, Catalina.

Naturally Occuring Radioactive Materials in Construction - Integratng Radiation PRoection in Reuse (COST Action Tu1301 NORM4BUILDING). ed. / Wouter Schroeyers. WP - Woodhead Publishing, 2017. p. 253-288.

Research output: Contribution to report/book/conference proceedingsChapter

Harvard

van der Sloot, HA, Kosson, DS, Impens, N, Vanhoudt, N, Al Mahaini, T, Vandenhove, H, Sweeck, L, Wiegers, R, Provis, JL & Gasco, C 2017, Leaching assessment as a component of environmental safety and durability analyses for NORM containing building materials. in W Schroeyers (ed.), Naturally Occuring Radioactive Materials in Construction - Integratng Radiation PRoection in Reuse (COST Action Tu1301 NORM4BUILDING). WP - Woodhead Publishing, pp. 253-288.

APA

van der Sloot, H. A., Kosson, D. S., Impens, N., Vanhoudt, N., Al Mahaini, T., Vandenhove, H., ... Gasco, C. (2017). Leaching assessment as a component of environmental safety and durability analyses for NORM containing building materials. In W. Schroeyers (Ed.), Naturally Occuring Radioactive Materials in Construction - Integratng Radiation PRoection in Reuse (COST Action Tu1301 NORM4BUILDING) (pp. 253-288). WP - Woodhead Publishing.

Vancouver

van der Sloot HA, Kosson DS, Impens N, Vanhoudt N, Al Mahaini T, Vandenhove H et al. Leaching assessment as a component of environmental safety and durability analyses for NORM containing building materials. In Schroeyers W, editor, Naturally Occuring Radioactive Materials in Construction - Integratng Radiation PRoection in Reuse (COST Action Tu1301 NORM4BUILDING). WP - Woodhead Publishing. 2017. p. 253-288

Author

van der Sloot, H.A. ; Kosson, D.S. ; Impens, Nathalie ; Vanhoudt, Nathalie ; Al Mahaini, Talal ; Vandenhove, Hildegarde ; Sweeck, Lieve ; Wiegers, R. ; Provis, J.L. ; Gasco, Catalina. / Leaching assessment as a component of environmental safety and durability analyses for NORM containing building materials. Naturally Occuring Radioactive Materials in Construction - Integratng Radiation PRoection in Reuse (COST Action Tu1301 NORM4BUILDING). editor / Wouter Schroeyers. WP - Woodhead Publishing, 2017. pp. 253-288

Bibtex - Download

@inbook{e371a4148aac4d46ba50ef20995f2e51,
title = "Leaching assessment as a component of environmental safety and durability analyses for NORM containing building materials",
abstract = "NORMs (naturally occurring radioactive materials) may be considered for use as construction material if, in the form that they are used, they meet appropriate standards for protection of human health and the environment. When evaluating construction materials, it is important to consider the full life cycle of the material, including the use scenario as well as the potential for reuse and disposal. If demonstrated to be safe, then use of NORM offers potential sustainability benefits through reduction in energy use and reduction in mining or use of virgin natural resources for production of construction materials (e.g., aggregate, cement, concrete, paving block, tiles, filler for road works, etc.). Important pathways to be evaluated for potential human health and environmental impacts include (i) direct exposure to radiation, (ii) emission of radon, (iii) potential exposures through ingestion and inhalation, and (iv) waterborne pathways through leaching of radionuclides or other contaminants of potential concern (COPCs). Additionally, the potential benefits derived from the use of NORM require demonstration of durable products with acceptable environmental safety.An important reason to focus on natural radioactivity is that alternative materials (by-products) used in construction as part of the new circular economy targets set by the European Commission may contain natural radioactivity in elevated levels compared with traditional materials used in construction. However, many traditional materials (e.g., granites) also may contain elevated levels of radionuclides depending on their origin and therefore, both traditional and alternative materials require consideration of radiation exposure as part of the determination of their suitability for use (as was already discussed in Chapters 3–7).This chapter focuses on the waterborne pathway of potential impacts through leaching of radionuclides and other COPCs and methods to assess and predict leaching behaviour. Recently there is a shift toward measurement of intrinsic leaching characteristics (i.e., characterization of leaching as a function of key release controlling parameters such as pH, liquid-to-solid ratio (L/S), or time) of a material over a range of conditions as a basis for comparison between materials, and using mass transport relationships to estimate anticipated leaching under the range of likely field conditions. The LEAF (Leaching Environmental Assessment Framework) approach will be used as the basis for discussion of leaching from naturally occurring radionuclides (NOR) here, based on similarities in leaching behaviorbetween radionuclides and the corresponding stable isotopes.",
keywords = "NORM, building materials, human health, environment, radioactive materials",
author = "{van der Sloot}, H.A. and D.S. Kosson and Nathalie Impens and Nathalie Vanhoudt and {Al Mahaini}, Talal and Hildegarde Vandenhove and Lieve Sweeck and R. Wiegers and J.L. Provis and Catalina Gasco",
note = "Score=10",
year = "2017",
month = "5",
day = "29",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-0-08-102009-8",
pages = "253--288",
editor = "Wouter Schroeyers",
booktitle = "Naturally Occuring Radioactive Materials in Construction - Integratng Radiation PRoection in Reuse (COST Action Tu1301 NORM4BUILDING)",
publisher = "WP - Woodhead Publishing",

}

RIS - Download

TY - CHAP

T1 - Leaching assessment as a component of environmental safety and durability analyses for NORM containing building materials

AU - van der Sloot, H.A.

AU - Kosson, D.S.

AU - Impens, Nathalie

AU - Vanhoudt, Nathalie

AU - Al Mahaini, Talal

AU - Vandenhove, Hildegarde

AU - Sweeck, Lieve

AU - Wiegers, R.

AU - Provis, J.L.

AU - Gasco, Catalina

N1 - Score=10

PY - 2017/5/29

Y1 - 2017/5/29

N2 - NORMs (naturally occurring radioactive materials) may be considered for use as construction material if, in the form that they are used, they meet appropriate standards for protection of human health and the environment. When evaluating construction materials, it is important to consider the full life cycle of the material, including the use scenario as well as the potential for reuse and disposal. If demonstrated to be safe, then use of NORM offers potential sustainability benefits through reduction in energy use and reduction in mining or use of virgin natural resources for production of construction materials (e.g., aggregate, cement, concrete, paving block, tiles, filler for road works, etc.). Important pathways to be evaluated for potential human health and environmental impacts include (i) direct exposure to radiation, (ii) emission of radon, (iii) potential exposures through ingestion and inhalation, and (iv) waterborne pathways through leaching of radionuclides or other contaminants of potential concern (COPCs). Additionally, the potential benefits derived from the use of NORM require demonstration of durable products with acceptable environmental safety.An important reason to focus on natural radioactivity is that alternative materials (by-products) used in construction as part of the new circular economy targets set by the European Commission may contain natural radioactivity in elevated levels compared with traditional materials used in construction. However, many traditional materials (e.g., granites) also may contain elevated levels of radionuclides depending on their origin and therefore, both traditional and alternative materials require consideration of radiation exposure as part of the determination of their suitability for use (as was already discussed in Chapters 3–7).This chapter focuses on the waterborne pathway of potential impacts through leaching of radionuclides and other COPCs and methods to assess and predict leaching behaviour. Recently there is a shift toward measurement of intrinsic leaching characteristics (i.e., characterization of leaching as a function of key release controlling parameters such as pH, liquid-to-solid ratio (L/S), or time) of a material over a range of conditions as a basis for comparison between materials, and using mass transport relationships to estimate anticipated leaching under the range of likely field conditions. The LEAF (Leaching Environmental Assessment Framework) approach will be used as the basis for discussion of leaching from naturally occurring radionuclides (NOR) here, based on similarities in leaching behaviorbetween radionuclides and the corresponding stable isotopes.

AB - NORMs (naturally occurring radioactive materials) may be considered for use as construction material if, in the form that they are used, they meet appropriate standards for protection of human health and the environment. When evaluating construction materials, it is important to consider the full life cycle of the material, including the use scenario as well as the potential for reuse and disposal. If demonstrated to be safe, then use of NORM offers potential sustainability benefits through reduction in energy use and reduction in mining or use of virgin natural resources for production of construction materials (e.g., aggregate, cement, concrete, paving block, tiles, filler for road works, etc.). Important pathways to be evaluated for potential human health and environmental impacts include (i) direct exposure to radiation, (ii) emission of radon, (iii) potential exposures through ingestion and inhalation, and (iv) waterborne pathways through leaching of radionuclides or other contaminants of potential concern (COPCs). Additionally, the potential benefits derived from the use of NORM require demonstration of durable products with acceptable environmental safety.An important reason to focus on natural radioactivity is that alternative materials (by-products) used in construction as part of the new circular economy targets set by the European Commission may contain natural radioactivity in elevated levels compared with traditional materials used in construction. However, many traditional materials (e.g., granites) also may contain elevated levels of radionuclides depending on their origin and therefore, both traditional and alternative materials require consideration of radiation exposure as part of the determination of their suitability for use (as was already discussed in Chapters 3–7).This chapter focuses on the waterborne pathway of potential impacts through leaching of radionuclides and other COPCs and methods to assess and predict leaching behaviour. Recently there is a shift toward measurement of intrinsic leaching characteristics (i.e., characterization of leaching as a function of key release controlling parameters such as pH, liquid-to-solid ratio (L/S), or time) of a material over a range of conditions as a basis for comparison between materials, and using mass transport relationships to estimate anticipated leaching under the range of likely field conditions. The LEAF (Leaching Environmental Assessment Framework) approach will be used as the basis for discussion of leaching from naturally occurring radionuclides (NOR) here, based on similarities in leaching behaviorbetween radionuclides and the corresponding stable isotopes.

KW - NORM

KW - building materials

KW - human health

KW - environment

KW - radioactive materials

UR - http://ecm.sckcen.be/OTCS/llisapi.dll/open/26923905

M3 - Chapter

SN - 978-0-08-102009-8

SP - 253

EP - 288

BT - Naturally Occuring Radioactive Materials in Construction - Integratng Radiation PRoection in Reuse (COST Action Tu1301 NORM4BUILDING)

A2 - Schroeyers, Wouter

PB - WP - Woodhead Publishing

ER -

ID: 3373632