Literature review on the oxidation routes of metallic uranium and plutonium

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Literature review on the oxidation routes of metallic uranium and plutonium. / Caes, Sébastien; De Souza, Valdir; Kursten, Bruno.

SCK CEN, 2022. 34 p. (SCK CEN Reports; No. ER-1075).

Research output: Report/bookER - External reportpeer-review

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@book{bfa3673bc60a40bc89e8c5b455b5edbb,
title = "Literature review on the oxidation routes of metallic uranium and plutonium",
abstract = "This report summarises the information reported in the literature regarding the conversion of metallic uranium and metallic plutonium into their most stable oxides UO2 and PuO2. The oxidation equations and mechanisms for both U and Pu are reported, as well as the oxidation rate in different media and/or temperatures. Both metallic uranium and plutonium are prone to ignition and literature carefully consider the ignition temperature when heating metallic uranium and plutonium. Some conversion methods were also reported. Besides a thorough literature review, some consideration of the DOE campaign was added regarding the thermal conversion of metallic plutonium and uranium carbide into their corresponding oxides. Finally, methods and processes related to metallic uranium and metallic plutonium conversion to oxides used in foreign countries are presented.",
keywords = "Metallic uranium, Metallic plutonium, Conversion, Pyrolysis, Calcination, Oxide formation, Oxidation, Safe interim or final disposal",
author = "S{\'e}bastien Caes and {De Souza}, Valdir and Bruno Kursten",
note = "Score=1",
year = "2022",
month = feb,
day = "9",
language = "English",
series = "SCK CEN Reports",
publisher = "SCK CEN",
number = "ER-1075",
address = "Belgium",

}

RIS - Download

TY - BOOK

T1 - Literature review on the oxidation routes of metallic uranium and plutonium

AU - Caes, Sébastien

AU - De Souza, Valdir

AU - Kursten, Bruno

N1 - Score=1

PY - 2022/2/9

Y1 - 2022/2/9

N2 - This report summarises the information reported in the literature regarding the conversion of metallic uranium and metallic plutonium into their most stable oxides UO2 and PuO2. The oxidation equations and mechanisms for both U and Pu are reported, as well as the oxidation rate in different media and/or temperatures. Both metallic uranium and plutonium are prone to ignition and literature carefully consider the ignition temperature when heating metallic uranium and plutonium. Some conversion methods were also reported. Besides a thorough literature review, some consideration of the DOE campaign was added regarding the thermal conversion of metallic plutonium and uranium carbide into their corresponding oxides. Finally, methods and processes related to metallic uranium and metallic plutonium conversion to oxides used in foreign countries are presented.

AB - This report summarises the information reported in the literature regarding the conversion of metallic uranium and metallic plutonium into their most stable oxides UO2 and PuO2. The oxidation equations and mechanisms for both U and Pu are reported, as well as the oxidation rate in different media and/or temperatures. Both metallic uranium and plutonium are prone to ignition and literature carefully consider the ignition temperature when heating metallic uranium and plutonium. Some conversion methods were also reported. Besides a thorough literature review, some consideration of the DOE campaign was added regarding the thermal conversion of metallic plutonium and uranium carbide into their corresponding oxides. Finally, methods and processes related to metallic uranium and metallic plutonium conversion to oxides used in foreign countries are presented.

KW - Metallic uranium

KW - Metallic plutonium

KW - Conversion

KW - Pyrolysis

KW - Calcination

KW - Oxide formation

KW - Oxidation

KW - Safe interim or final disposal

UR - https://ecm.sckcen.be/OTCS/llisapi.dll/open/47769323

M3 - ER - External report

T3 - SCK CEN Reports

BT - Literature review on the oxidation routes of metallic uranium and plutonium

PB - SCK CEN

ER -

ID: 7382873