Mechanisms governing the release of radionuclides from spent nuclear fuel in geological repository: Major outcomes of the European Project SFS

Research output: Contribution to report/book/conference proceedingsIn-proceedings paperpeer-review

Authors

  • Christophe Poinssot
  • Cécile Ferry
  • Bernd Grambow
  • Manfred Kelm
  • Kastriot Spahiu
  • Aurora Martinez
  • Lawrence Johnson
  • Esther Cera
  • Joan de Pablo
  • Javier Quinones
  • Detlef Wegen
  • Karel Lemmens
  • Thomas McMenamin

Documents & links

Abstract

The aim of the research project "Spent Fuel Stability under repository conditions" (SFS) within the 5th FWP was to develop a common understanding of the radionuclide release from spent nuclear fuel in geological disposal and to build a RN release model in order to assess the fuel performance, focusing on an Instant Release Fraction (IRF) model and the Matrix Alteration Model (MAM). A new IRF model was developed based on the anticipated performances of the various fuel microstructures (gap, rim, grains boundaries) and the potential diffusion of RN before the canister breaching. To further develop the matrix alteration model, a large set of experimental data was acquired in order (i) to upgrade the current radiolytic kinetic scheme, (ii) to experimentally correlate the fuel alteration rate and the fuel alpha activity, (iii) to experimentally test the potential inhibitor effect of hydrogen on fuel dissolution. A new MAM was developed, which was calibrated using the experiments on inactive UO2 samples. This model was finally applied to representative granitic, salt and clayey environment to predict spent fuel long-term fuel performance.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSymposium Proceedings. Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XXIX
Place of PublicationWarrendale, United States
Pages421-432
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2006
EventMRS 2005. Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XXIX - SCK•CEN, Gent, Belgium
Duration: 12 Sep 200516 Sep 2005

Conference

ConferenceMRS 2005. Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XXIX
Country/TerritoryBelgium
CityGent
Period2005-09-122005-09-16

Keywords

  • spent fuel, alteration, disposal, model, SFS, IRF, MAM

ID: 373695