Molecular dynamics simulations of Gd and Cr doped UO2

Research output: ThesisMaster's thesis

Standard

Molecular dynamics simulations of Gd and Cr doped UO2. / Rouibah, Amir; Verwerft, Marc (Peer reviewer).

Brussels, Belgium : ULB - Université Libre de Bruxelles, 2012. 105 p.

Research output: ThesisMaster's thesis

Harvard

Rouibah, A & Verwerft, M 2012, 'Molecular dynamics simulations of Gd and Cr doped UO2', VUB - Vrije Universiteit Brussel , Brussels, Belgium.

Vancouver

Rouibah A, Verwerft M. Molecular dynamics simulations of Gd and Cr doped UO2. Brussels, Belgium: ULB - Université Libre de Bruxelles, 2012. 105 p.

Author

Rouibah, Amir ; Verwerft, Marc. / Molecular dynamics simulations of Gd and Cr doped UO2. Brussels, Belgium : ULB - Université Libre de Bruxelles, 2012. 105 p.

Bibtex - Download

@phdthesis{1aed339479c440e9a328579f528afc66,
title = "Molecular dynamics simulations of Gd and Cr doped UO2",
abstract = "Doping uranium dioxide is now used at industrial scale in order to optimise the behaviour of nuclear fuel. Gadolinia has been used for a long time for its neutronic properties as burnable poison. Chromia has only recently been introduce in order to promote for larger grains. The main objective is to increase the diffusion length for gaseous fission products, but the improved creep/plasticity of the fuel is an additional benefit bearing in mind the PCMI issues. Although both Cr and Gd are trivalent ions, their behaviour is radically different in the fuel: Cr shows a limited solubility while Gd is almost perfectly soluble up to 50%. At the same time, lattice contraction due to the presence of Cr is far more important than with Gd. This work aims at investigating for the behaviour of these elements using atomic scale simulation techniques, both in order to provide an explanation for the dissimilarities in the behaviour of Cr and Gd and to assess the capabilities of such techniques to model this.",
keywords = "molecular dynamics, doped fuel, uranium dioxide, chromia, gadolinia",
author = "Amir Rouibah and Marc Verwerft",
note = "Score = 2",
year = "2012",
month = may,
language = "English",
publisher = "ULB - Universit{\'e} Libre de Bruxelles",
school = "VUB - Vrije Universiteit Brussel ",

}

RIS - Download

TY - THES

T1 - Molecular dynamics simulations of Gd and Cr doped UO2

AU - Rouibah, Amir

A2 - Verwerft, Marc

N1 - Score = 2

PY - 2012/5

Y1 - 2012/5

N2 - Doping uranium dioxide is now used at industrial scale in order to optimise the behaviour of nuclear fuel. Gadolinia has been used for a long time for its neutronic properties as burnable poison. Chromia has only recently been introduce in order to promote for larger grains. The main objective is to increase the diffusion length for gaseous fission products, but the improved creep/plasticity of the fuel is an additional benefit bearing in mind the PCMI issues. Although both Cr and Gd are trivalent ions, their behaviour is radically different in the fuel: Cr shows a limited solubility while Gd is almost perfectly soluble up to 50%. At the same time, lattice contraction due to the presence of Cr is far more important than with Gd. This work aims at investigating for the behaviour of these elements using atomic scale simulation techniques, both in order to provide an explanation for the dissimilarities in the behaviour of Cr and Gd and to assess the capabilities of such techniques to model this.

AB - Doping uranium dioxide is now used at industrial scale in order to optimise the behaviour of nuclear fuel. Gadolinia has been used for a long time for its neutronic properties as burnable poison. Chromia has only recently been introduce in order to promote for larger grains. The main objective is to increase the diffusion length for gaseous fission products, but the improved creep/plasticity of the fuel is an additional benefit bearing in mind the PCMI issues. Although both Cr and Gd are trivalent ions, their behaviour is radically different in the fuel: Cr shows a limited solubility while Gd is almost perfectly soluble up to 50%. At the same time, lattice contraction due to the presence of Cr is far more important than with Gd. This work aims at investigating for the behaviour of these elements using atomic scale simulation techniques, both in order to provide an explanation for the dissimilarities in the behaviour of Cr and Gd and to assess the capabilities of such techniques to model this.

KW - molecular dynamics

KW - doped fuel

KW - uranium dioxide

KW - chromia

KW - gadolinia

UR - http://ecm.sckcen.be/OTCS/llisapi.dll/open/ezp_123610

M3 - Master's thesis

PB - ULB - Université Libre de Bruxelles

CY - Brussels, Belgium

ER -

ID: 292556