Multiscale modelling for fusion and fission materials: The M4F project

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • Lorenzo Malerba
  • Maria José Caturla
  • Ermile Gaganidze
  • Cornelia Kaden
  • Pâr Olsson
  • Cristian Robertson
  • D. Rodney
  • Ana Ruiz-Moreno
  • Marta Serrano-Garcia
  • Jarir Aktaa
  • Napoleon Anento
  • S. Austin
  • J.P. Balbuena
  • Frank Bergner
  • F. Boioli
  • M. Boleininger
  • J.B.J. Chapman
  • P. Chekhonin
  • M. Clozel
  • B. Devincre
  • L. Dupuy
  • Gonzalo de Diego
  • Sergei L. Dudarev
  • C.C. Fu
  • R. Gatti
  • L. Gélébart
  • B. Gómez-Ferrer
  • D. Gonçalves

Institutes & Expert groups

  • University of Alicante
  • UKAEA - UK Atomic Energy Authority
  • HZDR - Helmholtz,Zentrum Dresden, Rossendorf
  • National Centre for Nuclear Research
  • LEM - Laboratoire d’Etude des Microstructures
  • Université Paris-Saclay
  • INSA Rouen - Normandie Université
  • CIEMAT - Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas
  • KIT - Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
  • KTH - Royal Institute of Technology
  • UU - Uppsala University
  • ILM - Institute of Light and Matter
  • EC - JRC - European Commission - Joint Research Centre
  • UPC - Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
  • CNRS - Centre national de la recherche scientifique
  • CEA Saclay - Commissariat à l'énergie atomique
  • CCFE - Culham Centre for Fusion Energy

Documents & links


The M4F project brings together the fusion and fission materials communities working on the prediction of radiation damage production and evolution and their effects on the mechanical behaviour of irradiated ferritic/martensitic (F/M) steels. It is a multidisciplinary project in which several different experimental and computational materials science tools are integrated to understand and model the complex phenomena associated with the formation and evolution of irradiation induced defects and their effects on the macroscopic behaviour of the target materials. In particular the project focuses on two specific aspects: (1) To develop physical understanding and predictive models of the origin and consequences of localised deformation under irradiation in F/M steels; (2) To develop good practices and possibly advance towards the definition of protocols for the use of ion irradiation as a tool to evaluate radiation effects on materials. Nineteen modelling codes across different scales are being used and developed and an experimental validation programme based on the examination of materials irradiated with neutrons and ions is being carried out. The project enters now its 4th year and is close to delivering high-quality results. This paper overviews the work performed so far within the project, highlighting its impact for fission and fusion materials science.


Original languageEnglish
Article number101051
Pages (from-to)1-34
Number of pages34
JournalNuclear Materials and Energy
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2021


  • Fusion materials, Fission materials, MF4 project, Neutron-irradiated iron, Nanostructure evolution, Kinetic Monte Carlo, Fe-Cr alloys

ID: 7344074