Out-of-field doses for scanning proton radiotherapy of shallowly located paediatric tumours—a comparison of range shifter and 3D printed compensator

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Out-of-field doses for scanning proton radiotherapy of shallowly located paediatric tumours—a comparison of range shifter and 3D printed compensator. / Wochnik, A.; Stolarczyk, Liliana; Ambrozova, Ivan; Davidkova, M.; De Saint-Hubert, Marijke; Domanski, S.; Domingo, Carles; Knezevic, Zeljka; Kopec, Renata; Kuc, M.; Majer, Marija; Mojzeszek, Natalia; Mareš, Vratislav; Martinez-Rovira, Immaculada; Caballero-Pacheco, M.A.; Pyszka, E.; Swakoń, Jan; Trinkl, S.; Tisi, M.; Harrison, Roger M.; Olko, Pawel.

In: Physics in Medicine and Biology, Vol. 66, 035012, 25.01.2021, p. 1-16.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Wochnik, A, Stolarczyk, L, Ambrozova, I, Davidkova, M, De Saint-Hubert, M, Domanski, S, Domingo, C, Knezevic, Z, Kopec, R, Kuc, M, Majer, M, Mojzeszek, N, Mareš, V, Martinez-Rovira, I, Caballero-Pacheco, MA, Pyszka, E, Swakoń, J, Trinkl, S, Tisi, M, Harrison, RM & Olko, P 2021, 'Out-of-field doses for scanning proton radiotherapy of shallowly located paediatric tumours—a comparison of range shifter and 3D printed compensator', Physics in Medicine and Biology, vol. 66, 035012, pp. 1-16. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6560/abcb1f

APA

Wochnik, A., Stolarczyk, L., Ambrozova, I., Davidkova, M., De Saint-Hubert, M., Domanski, S., Domingo, C., Knezevic, Z., Kopec, R., Kuc, M., Majer, M., Mojzeszek, N., Mareš, V., Martinez-Rovira, I., Caballero-Pacheco, M. A., Pyszka, E., Swakoń, J., Trinkl, S., Tisi, M., ... Olko, P. (2021). Out-of-field doses for scanning proton radiotherapy of shallowly located paediatric tumours—a comparison of range shifter and 3D printed compensator. Physics in Medicine and Biology, 66, 1-16. [035012]. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6560/abcb1f

Vancouver

Author

Wochnik, A. ; Stolarczyk, Liliana ; Ambrozova, Ivan ; Davidkova, M. ; De Saint-Hubert, Marijke ; Domanski, S. ; Domingo, Carles ; Knezevic, Zeljka ; Kopec, Renata ; Kuc, M. ; Majer, Marija ; Mojzeszek, Natalia ; Mareš, Vratislav ; Martinez-Rovira, Immaculada ; Caballero-Pacheco, M.A. ; Pyszka, E. ; Swakoń, Jan ; Trinkl, S. ; Tisi, M. ; Harrison, Roger M. ; Olko, Pawel. / Out-of-field doses for scanning proton radiotherapy of shallowly located paediatric tumours—a comparison of range shifter and 3D printed compensator. In: Physics in Medicine and Biology. 2021 ; Vol. 66. pp. 1-16.

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@article{d195b4d7cc8c40dfae152217ea99d565,
title = "Out-of-field doses for scanning proton radiotherapy of shallowly located paediatric tumours—a comparison of range shifter and 3D printed compensator",
abstract = "The lowest possible energy of proton scanning beam in cyclotron proton therapy facilities is typically between 60 and 100 MeV. Treatment of superficial lesions requires a pre-absorber to deliver doses to shallower volumes. In most of the cases a range shifter (RS) is used, but as an alternative solution, a patient-specific 3D printed proton beam compensator (BC) can be applied. A BC enables further reduction of the air gap and consequently reduction of beam scattering. Such pre-absorbers are additional sources of secondary radiation. The aim of this work was the comparison of RS and BC with respect to out-of-field doses for a simulated treatment of superficial paediatric brain tumours. EURADOS WG9 performed comparative measurements of scattered radiation in the Proteus C-235 IBA facility (Cyclotron Centre Bronowice at the Institute of Nuclear Physics, CCB IFJ PAN, Krak´ow, Poland) using two anthropomorphic phantoms—5 and 10 yr old—for a superficial target in the brain. Both active detectors located inside the therapy room, and passive detectors placed inside the phantoms were used. Measurements were supplemented by Monte Carlo simulation of the radiation transport. For the applied 3D printed pre-absorbers, out-of-field doses from both secondary photons and neutrons were lower than for RS. Measurements with active environmental dosimeters at five positions inside the therapy room indicated that the RS/BC ratio of the out-of-field dose was also higher than one, with a maximum of 1.7. Photon dose inside phantoms leads to higher out-of-field doses for RS than BC to almost all organs with the highest RS/BC ratio 12.5 and 13.2 for breasts for 5 and 10 yr old phantoms, respectively. For organs closest to the isocentre such as the thyroid, neutron doses were lower for BC than RS due to neutrons moderation in the target volume, but for more distant organs like bladder—conversely—lower doses for RS than BC were observed. The use of 3D printed BC as the pre-absorber placed in the near vicinity of patient in the treatment of superficial tumours does not result in the increase of secondary radiation compared to the treatment with RS, placed far from the patient.",
keywords = "Scanning proton radiotherapy, Measurement ofstray neutrons, Ambient dose equivalent, Active detectors, Passive detectors, Anthropomorphic paediatric phantom measurements, Secondary radiation measurements",
author = "A. Wochnik and Liliana Stolarczyk and Ivan Ambrozova and M. Davidkova and {De Saint-Hubert}, Marijke and S. Domanski and Carles Domingo and Zeljka Knezevic and Renata Kopec and M. Kuc and Marija Majer and Natalia Mojzeszek and Vratislav Mare{\v s} and Immaculada Martinez-Rovira and M.A. Caballero-Pacheco and E. Pyszka and Jan Swako{\'n} and S. Trinkl and M. Tisi and Harrison, {Roger M.} and Pawel Olko",
note = "Score=10",
year = "2021",
month = jan,
day = "25",
doi = "10.1088/1361-6560/abcb1f",
language = "English",
volume = "66",
pages = "1--16",
journal = "Physics in Medicine and Biology",
issn = "0031-9155",
publisher = "IOP - IOP Publishing",

}

RIS - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Out-of-field doses for scanning proton radiotherapy of shallowly located paediatric tumours—a comparison of range shifter and 3D printed compensator

AU - Wochnik, A.

AU - Stolarczyk, Liliana

AU - Ambrozova, Ivan

AU - Davidkova, M.

AU - De Saint-Hubert, Marijke

AU - Domanski, S.

AU - Domingo, Carles

AU - Knezevic, Zeljka

AU - Kopec, Renata

AU - Kuc, M.

AU - Majer, Marija

AU - Mojzeszek, Natalia

AU - Mareš, Vratislav

AU - Martinez-Rovira, Immaculada

AU - Caballero-Pacheco, M.A.

AU - Pyszka, E.

AU - Swakoń, Jan

AU - Trinkl, S.

AU - Tisi, M.

AU - Harrison, Roger M.

AU - Olko, Pawel

N1 - Score=10

PY - 2021/1/25

Y1 - 2021/1/25

N2 - The lowest possible energy of proton scanning beam in cyclotron proton therapy facilities is typically between 60 and 100 MeV. Treatment of superficial lesions requires a pre-absorber to deliver doses to shallower volumes. In most of the cases a range shifter (RS) is used, but as an alternative solution, a patient-specific 3D printed proton beam compensator (BC) can be applied. A BC enables further reduction of the air gap and consequently reduction of beam scattering. Such pre-absorbers are additional sources of secondary radiation. The aim of this work was the comparison of RS and BC with respect to out-of-field doses for a simulated treatment of superficial paediatric brain tumours. EURADOS WG9 performed comparative measurements of scattered radiation in the Proteus C-235 IBA facility (Cyclotron Centre Bronowice at the Institute of Nuclear Physics, CCB IFJ PAN, Krak´ow, Poland) using two anthropomorphic phantoms—5 and 10 yr old—for a superficial target in the brain. Both active detectors located inside the therapy room, and passive detectors placed inside the phantoms were used. Measurements were supplemented by Monte Carlo simulation of the radiation transport. For the applied 3D printed pre-absorbers, out-of-field doses from both secondary photons and neutrons were lower than for RS. Measurements with active environmental dosimeters at five positions inside the therapy room indicated that the RS/BC ratio of the out-of-field dose was also higher than one, with a maximum of 1.7. Photon dose inside phantoms leads to higher out-of-field doses for RS than BC to almost all organs with the highest RS/BC ratio 12.5 and 13.2 for breasts for 5 and 10 yr old phantoms, respectively. For organs closest to the isocentre such as the thyroid, neutron doses were lower for BC than RS due to neutrons moderation in the target volume, but for more distant organs like bladder—conversely—lower doses for RS than BC were observed. The use of 3D printed BC as the pre-absorber placed in the near vicinity of patient in the treatment of superficial tumours does not result in the increase of secondary radiation compared to the treatment with RS, placed far from the patient.

AB - The lowest possible energy of proton scanning beam in cyclotron proton therapy facilities is typically between 60 and 100 MeV. Treatment of superficial lesions requires a pre-absorber to deliver doses to shallower volumes. In most of the cases a range shifter (RS) is used, but as an alternative solution, a patient-specific 3D printed proton beam compensator (BC) can be applied. A BC enables further reduction of the air gap and consequently reduction of beam scattering. Such pre-absorbers are additional sources of secondary radiation. The aim of this work was the comparison of RS and BC with respect to out-of-field doses for a simulated treatment of superficial paediatric brain tumours. EURADOS WG9 performed comparative measurements of scattered radiation in the Proteus C-235 IBA facility (Cyclotron Centre Bronowice at the Institute of Nuclear Physics, CCB IFJ PAN, Krak´ow, Poland) using two anthropomorphic phantoms—5 and 10 yr old—for a superficial target in the brain. Both active detectors located inside the therapy room, and passive detectors placed inside the phantoms were used. Measurements were supplemented by Monte Carlo simulation of the radiation transport. For the applied 3D printed pre-absorbers, out-of-field doses from both secondary photons and neutrons were lower than for RS. Measurements with active environmental dosimeters at five positions inside the therapy room indicated that the RS/BC ratio of the out-of-field dose was also higher than one, with a maximum of 1.7. Photon dose inside phantoms leads to higher out-of-field doses for RS than BC to almost all organs with the highest RS/BC ratio 12.5 and 13.2 for breasts for 5 and 10 yr old phantoms, respectively. For organs closest to the isocentre such as the thyroid, neutron doses were lower for BC than RS due to neutrons moderation in the target volume, but for more distant organs like bladder—conversely—lower doses for RS than BC were observed. The use of 3D printed BC as the pre-absorber placed in the near vicinity of patient in the treatment of superficial tumours does not result in the increase of secondary radiation compared to the treatment with RS, placed far from the patient.

KW - Scanning proton radiotherapy

KW - Measurement ofstray neutrons

KW - Ambient dose equivalent

KW - Active detectors

KW - Passive detectors

KW - Anthropomorphic paediatric phantom measurements

KW - Secondary radiation measurements

UR - https://ecm.sckcen.be/OTCS/llisapi.dll/open/42347261

U2 - 10.1088/1361-6560/abcb1f

DO - 10.1088/1361-6560/abcb1f

M3 - Article

VL - 66

SP - 1

EP - 16

JO - Physics in Medicine and Biology

JF - Physics in Medicine and Biology

SN - 0031-9155

M1 - 035012

ER -

ID: 7046259