Personal dosimetry of workers without a physical dosemeter using computational methods

Research output: ThesisDoctoral thesis

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Abstract

Monitoring the individual exposure of workers constitutes an integral part of any radiation protection program. Individual monitoring of exposed workers to external ionizing radiation is essential in order to ensure safe and satisfactory working conditions; demonstrate compliance with dose limits and the application of the ALARA principle. At present, personal dosimetry is typically performed by issuing staff with physical dosimeters. These physical measurement devices are part of routine practice, but still have many limitations,
both from a practical and from a metrological point of view. The results are usually known only after some delay (30-60 days) with passive dosimeters. In addition, performing precise and reliable personal dose measurements in all types of workplaces is quite difficult. There are issues with compliance and multiple dosimeters can be mixed up or worn incorrectly. The number and positioning of individual dosimeters is becoming more complex with the
new focus on eye lens dosimetry. Also, the uncertainties with the present dosimeters are not negligible. An uncertainty factor of 2 is accepted as good practice for low doses and for neutron fields in particular the uncertainties are even higher. On the other hand, computational techniques are evolving rapidly. In the past, simplified mathematical phantoms were used, while now very detailed voxel and mesh phantoms are available. In addition, with increasing computational power, such calculations can be performed faster and faster.
The objective of this thesis work is to improve occupational dosimetry by an innovative approach: the development of a computational dosimetry application based on Monte-Carlo (MC) simulations without the use of physical dosimeters. This is done using a combination of (i) monitoring of the position of workers in real time and (ii) the spatial radiation field, including its energy and angular distribution. With this input, the doses of the workers can be simulated or calculated. The methodology was applied and validated for two situations
where improvements in dosimetry are urgently needed: neutron and interventional radiology workplaces. Human motion tracking system was developed to monitor worker’s movements. The movement of the worker is then used to animate an anthropomorphic flexible computational phantom. As regards interventional radiology workplaces, the required information and data sources have been identified. In particular, for the calculations the most reliable way to gather the required information is from the Radiation Dose Structured
Report (RDSR). For neutron fields, the radiation field map of the workplace can be based on analytical calculations or more advanced MC calculations. This proposed methodology for personal dosimetry for workers is very innovative and challenging. It explores a new direction in personal dosimetry and, as such, adds value to the radiation protection community and regulatory system. In addition, the proposed approach can be used for ALARA optimization, as well as for education and training activities.

Details

Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • ULG - Université de Liège
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Vanhavere, Filip, SCK•CEN Mentor
  • Struelens, Lara, SCK•CEN Mentor
  • Phillips, Christophe, Supervisor, External person
  • Seret, Alain, Supervisor, External person
Thesis sponsors
  • SCK•CEN - Studiecentrum voor Kernenergie/Centre d’Etude de l’Energie Nucléaire
Award date22 Sep 2020
Publication statusPublished - 22 Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Individueal monitoring, Computational dosimetry, Monte-Carlo simulations, Human motion tracking

ID: 6904120