Phase stability of an HT-9 duct irradiated in FFTF

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Abstract

A fuel test assembly known as the ACO-3 duct of a normalized and fully tempered ferritic/martensitic steel (HT-9) was irradiated in FFTF up to 155 dpa at a temperature range of 380-504°C. The microstructures of the samples from 5 different zones along a face of the duct were analyzed using a combination of TEM, SANS and APT. High density of Cr rich α' together with a moderate density of G-phase with sizes of ~4 and 11 nm respectively were found in the 20 dpa, 380°C zone. It was found that precipitation of the second phases is more sensitive to the temperature history then to the exposed neutron dose. In general, the density of both precipitates decreases with increasing irradiation temperature. No significant change is observed in average size of α' while the average size of G-phase precipitates increases up to 27 nm at 440°C. Voids are observed after irradiation at 100 dpa (irradiation temperature of 410°C) and 155 dpa (irradiation temperature of 440°C) but no voids were detected after irradiation to 96 dpa (irradiation temperature of 466°C). In contrast to what is previously reported in the literature, no Laves, M6C or Chi phases were found in any of the zones.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)194-204
JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
Volume430
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2012

Keywords

  • HT9, high dpa, G-phase, alpha prime, void

ID: 300261