Radiation risk perception: a discrepancy between the experts and the general population

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Abstract

Determining the differences in the perception of risks between experts who are regularly exposed to radiation, and lay people provides important insights into how potential hazards may be effectively communicated to the public. In the present study we examined lay people's (N=1020) and experts' (N=332) perception of five different radiological risks: nuclear waste, medical x-rays, natural radiation, an accident at a nuclear installation in general, and the Fukushima accident in particular. In order to link risk perception with risk communication, media reporting about radiation risks is analysed using quantitative and qualitative content analyses. Experts' perception of medical X-rays and natural radiation is significantly higher than in general population, while for nuclear waste and an accident at a nuclear installation, experts have lower risk perception than the general population. In-depth research is conducted for a group of workers that received an effective dose higher than 0.5 mSv in the year before the study. The results clearly show that mass media don't use the same language as technical experts in addressing radiological risks. The study demonstrates that the discrepancy in risk perception and the communication gap between the experts and the general population presents a big challenge in understanding each other.

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)86-91
JournalJournal of environmental radioactivity
Volume133
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2014
EventEnvironmental Radioactivity: Implications for Human and Environmental Health - Journal of Environmental Radioactivity and Plymouth University, Plymouth, United Kingdom
Duration: 4 Sep 20125 Sep 2012

Keywords

  • risk perception, experts, lay people, risk communication

ID: 295805