Radiation sensitivity of the gastrula-stage embryo: Chromosomeaberrations and mutation induction in lacZ transgenic mice: The rolesof DNA double-strand break repair systems

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Abstract

At the gastrula phase of development, just after the onset of implantation, the embryo proper is characterized by extremely rapid cell proliferation. The importance of DNA repair is illustrated by embryonic lethality at this stage after ablation of the genes involved. Insight into mutation induction is called for by the fact that women often do not realize they are pregnant, shortly after implantation, a circumstance which may have important consequences when women are subjected to medical imaging using ionizing radiation. We screened gastrula embryos for DNA synthesis, nuclear morphology, growth, and chromosome aberrations (CA) shortly after irradiation with doses up to 2.5 Gy. In order to obtain an insight into the importance of DNA repair for CA induction, we included mutants for the non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) and homologous recombination repair (HRR) pathways, as well as Parp1-/- and p53+/−embryos.

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-34
JournalMutation Research
Volume792
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2015

Keywords

  • Embryo, Gastrula, Irradiation, DNA repair genes, lacZ shuttle vector

ID: 85632