Radionuclide biological half-life values for terrestrial and aquatic wildlife

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

  • Beresford Nick
  • Beaugelin-Seiller Karine
  • Burgos Juan
  • Cujic Mirjana
  • Fesenko Sergei
  • Krishev Alexander
  • Pachal Nicole
  • Real Almudena
  • Su B
  • Tagami Keiko
  • Jordi Vives i Batlle
  • Vives-Lynch Sandra
  • Wells Claire
  • Wood Mike

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Abstract

The equilibrium concentration ratio is typically the parameter used to estimate organism activity concentrations within wildlife dose assessment tools. Whilst this is assumed to befit for purpose, there are scenarios such as accidental or irregular, fluctuating, releases from licensed facilities when this might not be the case. In such circumstances, the concentration ratio approach may under- or over-estimate radiation exposure depending upon the time since the release. To carrying out assessments for such releases, a dynamic approach is needed. The simplest and most practical option is representing the uptake and turnover processes by first-order kinetics, for which organism- and element-specific biological half-life data are required. In this paper we describe the development of a freely available international database of radionuclide biological half-life values. The database includes 1907 entries for terrestrial, freshwater, riparian and marine organisms. Biological half-life values are reported for 52 elements across a range of wildlife groups (marine freshwater, terrestrial and riparian groups). Potential applications and limitations of the database are discussed.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)270-276
JournalJournal of environmental radioactivity
Volume150
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sep 2015

Keywords

  • Biological half-life, non-human biota, radioecology

ID: 114788