Radionuclides in fruit systems:model prediction-experimental data intercomparison study

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Authors

  • Zitouni Ould-Dada
  • Franca Carini
  • K. Eged
  • Z. Kis
  • Igor Linkov
  • N.G. Mitchell
  • C. Mourlon
  • B. Robles
  • Lieve Sweeck
  • A. Venter

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Abstract

This paper presents results from an international exercise undertaken to test model predictions against an independent data set for the transfer of radioactivity to fruit. Six models with various structures and complexity participated in this exercise. Predictions from these models were compared against independent experimental measurements on the transfer of 134Cs and 85Sr via leaf-to-fruit and soil-to-fruit in strawberry plants after an acute release. Foliar contamination was carried out through wet deposition on the plant at two different growing stages, anthesis and ripening, while soil contamination was effected at anthesis only. In the case of foliar contamination, predicted values are within the same order of magnitude as the measured values for both radionuclides, while in the case of soil contamination models tend to under-predict by up to three orders of magnitude for 134Cs, while differences for 85Sr are lower. Performance of models against experimental data is discussed together with the lessons learned from this exercise.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)514-524
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume366
Issue number2-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2006

Keywords

  • Radionuclides, Model-testing, Biomass, Fruit, 134Cs, 85Sr

ID: 233184