Recommendations for the use of active personal dosemeters (APDs) in interventional workplaces in hospitals

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • U. O'Connor
  • Eleftheria Carinou
  • Isabelle Clairand
  • Olivera F. Ciraj-Bjelac
  • Francesca De Monte
  • Joanna Domienik-Andrzejewska
  • Paolo Ferrari
  • Mercè Ginjaume
  • Hrvoje Hrsak
  • Oliver Hupe
  • Zeljka Knezevic
  • Marta Sans-Mercé
  • Sandra Sarmento
  • Teemu Siiskonen
  • Filip Vanhavere

Institutes & Expert groups

  • University Hospital Centre Zagreb
  • St. James's Hospital
  • EEAE – Greek Atomic Energy Commission
  • Newcastle University - Institute of Health and Society
  • University of Belgrade - Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences
  • IOV IRCCS - Istituto Oncologico Veneto - Italy
  • NIOM - Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine
  • ENEA - Italian National Agency for New Technologies
  • UPC - Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
  • PTB - Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt
  • RBI - Ruđer Bošković Institute
  • IRA - Institute of Radiation Physics, University Hospital of Lausanne
  • IPO - Portuguese Oncology Institute of Porto
  • STUK - Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority

Documents & links


Occupational radiation doses from interventional procedures have the potential to be relatively high. The requirement to optimise these doses encourages the use of electronic or active personal dosimeters (APDs) which are now increasingly used in hospitals. They are typically used in tandem with a routine passive dosimetry monitoring programme, with APDs used for real-time readings, for training purposes and when new imaging technology is introduced. However, there are limitations when using APDs. A survey in hospitals to identify issues related to the use of APDs was recently completed, along with an extensive series of APD tests by the EURADOS Working Group 12 on Dosimetry for Medical Imaging. The aim of this review paper is to summarise the state of the art regarding the use of APDs. We also used the results of our survey and our tests to develop a set of recommendations for the use of APDs in the clinical interventional radiology/cardiology settings, and draw attention to some of the current challenges.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-135
Number of pages5
JournalPhysica Medica
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jun 2021


  • Radiation, Protection, Dosemeter, Interventional

ID: 7397318