Reduced order models for the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations on collocated grids using a ‘discretize-then-project’ approach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • Kelbij Star
  • Benjamin Sanderse
  • Giovanni Stabile
  • Gianluigi Rozza
  • Joris Degroote

Institutes & Expert groups

  • CWI - Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica - Scienctific Computing
  • Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati
  • UGent - Universiteit Gent

Documents & links



A novel reduced order model (ROM) for incompressible flows is developed by performing a Galerkin projection based on a fully (space and time) discrete full order model (FOM) formulation. This ‘discretize-then-project’ approach requires no pressure stabilization technique (even though the pressure term is present in the ROM) nor a boundary control technique (to impose the boundary conditions at the ROM level). These are two main advantages compared to existing approaches. The fully discrete FOM is obtained by a finite volume discretization of the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations on a collocated grid, with a forward Euler time discretization. Two variants of the time discretization method, the inconsistent and consistent flux method, have been investigated. The latter leads to divergence-free velocity fields, also on the ROM level, whereas the velocity fields are only approximately divergence-free in the former method. For both methods, accurate results have been obtained for test cases with different types of boundary conditions: a lid-driven cavity and an open-cavity (with an inlet and outlet). The ROM obtained with the consistent flux method, having divergence-free velocity fields, is slightly more accurate but also slightly more expensive to solve compared to the inconsistent flux method. The speedup ratio of the ROM and FOM computation times is the highest for the open cavity test case with the inconsistent flux method.


Original languageEnglish
Article number4994
Pages (from-to)2694-2722
Number of pages29
JournalInternational journal for numerical methods in fluids
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2021


  • Reduced order model (ROM), POD, Proper orthogonal decomposition, Finite volume, Incompressible flow, Partial differential equations, Time integration

ID: 7488547