Removing Tritium and Other Impurities During Industrial Recycling of Beryllium from a Fusion Reactor

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Removing Tritium and Other Impurities During Industrial Recycling of Beryllium from a Fusion Reactor. / Dylst, Kris; Seghers, John; Druyts, Frank; Braet, Johan.

In: Fusion Science and Technology, Vol. 54, No. 1, 07.2008, p. 215-218.

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@article{9ed7df2eed7741b99a60032426a3b3fa,
title = "Removing Tritium and Other Impurities During Industrial Recycling of Beryllium from a Fusion Reactor",
abstract = "Recycling beryllium used in a fusion reactor might be a good way to overcome problems related to the disposal of neutron irradiated beryllium. The critical issues for the recycling of used first wall beryllium are the presence of tritium and (transuranic) impurities. High temperature annealing seems to be the most promising technique for detritiation. Purification of the detritiated beryllium can be achieved by chlorination of the irradiated beryllium and the subsequent reduction of beryllium chloride to highly pure metallic beryllium. After that, the beryllium can be re-fabricated into first wall tiles via powder metallurgy which is already a mature industrial practice. This paper outlines the path to define the experimental needs for beryllium recycling and tackles problems related to the detritiation and the purification via the chlorine route.",
keywords = "Beryllium, Tritium, Recycling, Industrial, Neutron, irradiated",
author = "Kris Dylst and John Seghers and Frank Druyts and Johan Braet",
note = "Score = 10",
year = "2008",
month = "7",
language = "English",
volume = "54",
pages = "215--218",
journal = "Fusion Science and Technology",
issn = "1536-1055",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "1",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Removing Tritium and Other Impurities During Industrial Recycling of Beryllium from a Fusion Reactor

AU - Dylst, Kris

AU - Seghers, John

AU - Druyts, Frank

AU - Braet, Johan

N1 - Score = 10

PY - 2008/7

Y1 - 2008/7

N2 - Recycling beryllium used in a fusion reactor might be a good way to overcome problems related to the disposal of neutron irradiated beryllium. The critical issues for the recycling of used first wall beryllium are the presence of tritium and (transuranic) impurities. High temperature annealing seems to be the most promising technique for detritiation. Purification of the detritiated beryllium can be achieved by chlorination of the irradiated beryllium and the subsequent reduction of beryllium chloride to highly pure metallic beryllium. After that, the beryllium can be re-fabricated into first wall tiles via powder metallurgy which is already a mature industrial practice. This paper outlines the path to define the experimental needs for beryllium recycling and tackles problems related to the detritiation and the purification via the chlorine route.

AB - Recycling beryllium used in a fusion reactor might be a good way to overcome problems related to the disposal of neutron irradiated beryllium. The critical issues for the recycling of used first wall beryllium are the presence of tritium and (transuranic) impurities. High temperature annealing seems to be the most promising technique for detritiation. Purification of the detritiated beryllium can be achieved by chlorination of the irradiated beryllium and the subsequent reduction of beryllium chloride to highly pure metallic beryllium. After that, the beryllium can be re-fabricated into first wall tiles via powder metallurgy which is already a mature industrial practice. This paper outlines the path to define the experimental needs for beryllium recycling and tackles problems related to the detritiation and the purification via the chlorine route.

KW - Beryllium

KW - Tritium

KW - Recycling

KW - Industrial

KW - Neutron

KW - irradiated

UR - http://ecm.sckcen.be/OTCS/llisapi.dll/open/ezp_89193

UR - http://knowledgecentre.sckcen.be/so2/bibref/5025

M3 - Article

VL - 54

SP - 215

EP - 218

JO - Fusion Science and Technology

JF - Fusion Science and Technology

SN - 1536-1055

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 125123