Retention of Cs in Boom Clay: comparison of data from batch sorption tests and diffusion experiments on intact clay cores

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Abstract

For performance assessment analysis of a high-level waste and spent fuel disposal in a geological formation, retention data are needed. In most cases, retention data are derived from batch sorption experiments on dispersed systems but the applicability of these data for the real compacted state is still a point of debate. Cesium retention onto Boom Clay was measured by batch sorption tests on dispersed systems and by diffusion experiments on intact clay cores and the sorption parameters obtained from both methods were compared. In a dispersed system, the concentration dependent uptake of cesium onto Boom Clay is described using the generalised 3-sites cation-exchange model for illite developed by Bradbury and Baeyens. In the compacted state, diffusion experiments resulted in reproducible and robust values for the apparent diffusion coefficient. The determination of retardation factors suffered from a large uncertainty making a good comparison troublesome. A chemical coupled transport simulation for the Cs migration in Boom Clay based on the ion exchange model suggests that only part of the sorption sites are accessible in the compact clay. As illustrated for Cs retention in Boom Clay, conversion of batch sorption data to compacted systems can not be applied in a straightforward way.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S149-S155
JournalPhysics and Chemistry of the Earth
Volume33
Issue numberSupplement 1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2008
EventClays in natural and engineered barriers for radioactive waste confinement - ANDRA, Lille, France
Duration: 17 Sep 200720 Sep 2007

Keywords

  • Retention, diffusion, sorption, clay, cesium, Boom Clay

ID: 252938