Rhizospheric Mobilization and Plant Uptake of Radiocesium from Weathered Micas: II. Influence of Mineral Alterability

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Abstract

Acute K depletion in the rhizosphere can lead to increased root uptake of radiocesium. Two processes can govern this increase: the very low uptake of potassium and the weathering of Cs-fixing clay minerals. Their respective importance is, however, unknown. We investigated the effects of these processes on radiocesium mobilization by roots of willow (Salix viminalis L.) from three micas: muscovite, biotite, and phlogopite. Willows were grown in a mixed quartz–mica substrate with the three respective 134Cs-contaminated micas as sole sources of potassium and radiocesium. After 7 wk of plant growth, the micas were partially weathered. The degree of mica weathering and the prevalent potassium concentration in the solution increased in the order muscovite (5–11 µM K) <biotite (25–32 µM K) <phlogopite (25–35 µM K). The mobilization and root uptake of radiocesium were negligible with muscovite but increased in the same order. These results show that mica weathering directly and chiefly governs the mobility of radiocesium in K-depleted rhizosphere soil. The low mobility of trace Cs in the muscovite rhizosphere is linked with the dioctahedral character of this mica, and hence to its very low alterability.

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2174-2180
JournalJournal of Environmental Quality
Volume34
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Nov 2005

Keywords

  • mica weathering, Radiocaesium, rhizosphere

ID: 201226