Role of modelling in monitoring soil and food during different stages of a nuclear emergency

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Role of modelling in monitoring soil and food during different stages of a nuclear emergency. / Sweeck, Lieve; Camps, Johan; Al Mahaini, Talal; Mikailova, R.A.

In: Journal of environmental radioactivity, Vol. 225, 106444, 01.12.2020, p. 1-9.

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@article{f532090e059e4595b778a7667812b54a,
title = "Role of modelling in monitoring soil and food during different stages of a nuclear emergency",
abstract = "In case of a nuclear accident, adequate protection of the public and the environment requires timely assessment of the short- and long-term radiological exposure. Measurements of the radiation dose and the radioactive contamination in the environment are essential for the optimization of radiation protection and the decision making process. In the early phase, however, such measurements are rarely available or sufficient.To compensate for the lack of monitoring data during nuclear emergencies, especially in the early phase of the emergency, mathematical models are frequently used to assess the temporal and spatial distribution of radioactive contamination. During the transition and recovery phase, models are typically used to optimise remediation strategies by assessing the cost-effectiveness of different countermeasures. A prerequisite of course is that these models are fit for purpose. Different models may be needed during different phases of the accident. In this paper, we discuss the role of radioecological models during a nuclear emergency, and give an outlook on the scientific challenges which need to be addressed to further improve our predictions of human and wildlife exposure.",
keywords = "Nuclear emergency, Decision support systems, Terrestrial food chain, Radioecological models",
author = "Lieve Sweeck and Johan Camps and {Al Mahaini}, Talal and R.A. Mikailova",
note = "Score=10",
year = "2020",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jenvrad.2020.106444",
language = "English",
volume = "225",
pages = "1--9",
journal = "Journal of environmental radioactivity",
issn = "0265-931X",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Role of modelling in monitoring soil and food during different stages of a nuclear emergency

AU - Sweeck, Lieve

AU - Camps, Johan

AU - Al Mahaini, Talal

AU - Mikailova, R.A.

N1 - Score=10

PY - 2020/12/1

Y1 - 2020/12/1

N2 - In case of a nuclear accident, adequate protection of the public and the environment requires timely assessment of the short- and long-term radiological exposure. Measurements of the radiation dose and the radioactive contamination in the environment are essential for the optimization of radiation protection and the decision making process. In the early phase, however, such measurements are rarely available or sufficient.To compensate for the lack of monitoring data during nuclear emergencies, especially in the early phase of the emergency, mathematical models are frequently used to assess the temporal and spatial distribution of radioactive contamination. During the transition and recovery phase, models are typically used to optimise remediation strategies by assessing the cost-effectiveness of different countermeasures. A prerequisite of course is that these models are fit for purpose. Different models may be needed during different phases of the accident. In this paper, we discuss the role of radioecological models during a nuclear emergency, and give an outlook on the scientific challenges which need to be addressed to further improve our predictions of human and wildlife exposure.

AB - In case of a nuclear accident, adequate protection of the public and the environment requires timely assessment of the short- and long-term radiological exposure. Measurements of the radiation dose and the radioactive contamination in the environment are essential for the optimization of radiation protection and the decision making process. In the early phase, however, such measurements are rarely available or sufficient.To compensate for the lack of monitoring data during nuclear emergencies, especially in the early phase of the emergency, mathematical models are frequently used to assess the temporal and spatial distribution of radioactive contamination. During the transition and recovery phase, models are typically used to optimise remediation strategies by assessing the cost-effectiveness of different countermeasures. A prerequisite of course is that these models are fit for purpose. Different models may be needed during different phases of the accident. In this paper, we discuss the role of radioecological models during a nuclear emergency, and give an outlook on the scientific challenges which need to be addressed to further improve our predictions of human and wildlife exposure.

KW - Nuclear emergency

KW - Decision support systems

KW - Terrestrial food chain

KW - Radioecological models

UR - https://ecm.sckcen.be/OTCS/llisapi.dll/open/40931072

U2 - 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2020.106444

DO - 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2020.106444

M3 - Article

VL - 225

SP - 1

EP - 9

JO - Journal of environmental radioactivity

JF - Journal of environmental radioactivity

SN - 0265-931X

M1 - 106444

ER -

ID: 6950836