Selective extraction of trivalent actinides using CyMe4BTPhen in the ionic liquid Aliquat-336 nitrate

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Authors

Institutes & Expert groups

  • FZJ - Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH
  • KUL - Katholieke Universiteit Leuven

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DOI

Abstract

SThe extraction of Am(III), Cm(III) and Eu(III) by 2,9-bis(5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,2,4-benzotriazin-3-yl)-1,10-phenanthroline (CyMe4BTPhen) from nitric acid solution was studied using the ionic liquid Aliquat-336 nitrate ([A336][NO3]) as diluent. Results show a high selectivity of the solvent for Am(III) and Cm(III) over Eu(III), but rather slow extraction kinetics. The kinetics of CyMe4BTPhen were largely improved by the addition of 0.005 mol L−1 N,N,N′,N′-tetra-n-octyl-diglycolamide (TODGA) as a phase transfer reagent and by the use of 1-octanol as co-diluent. The addition of the phase transfer catalyst and co-diluent did not compromise the selectivity towards the actinide/lanthanide separation and thus this four-component system can be successfully applied to separate Am(III) and Cm(III) from the lanthanides.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6014-6021
Number of pages8
JournalRSC Advances
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Feb 2021

Keywords

  • Extraction, PUREX, Actinides, EIonic liquids, Nitrates, Nitric acid

ID: 7024065