Societal constraints related to environmental remediation and decommissioning programmes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • Tanja Perko
  • Horst Monken-Fernandes
  • Meritxell Martell
  • Nadja Zeleznik
  • Patrick O'Sullivan

Institutes & Expert groups

  • IAEA - International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Merience - Xarxa Ambientòlegs Emprenedors del COAMB
  • Regional Environmental Center, Slovenia

Documents & links


The decisions related to decommissioning or environmental remediation projects (D/ER) cannot be isolated from the socio-political and cultural environment. Experiences of the IAEA Member States point out the importance of giving due attention to the societal aspects in project planning and implementation. The purpose of this paper is threefold: i) to systematically review societal constraints that some organisations in different IAEA Member States encounter when implementing D/ER programmes, ii) to identify different approaches to overcome these constraints and iii) to collect examples of existing practices related to the integration of societal aspects in D/ER programmes worldwide. The research was conducted in the context of the IAEA project Constraints to Decommissioning and Environmental Remediation (CIDER). The research results show that societal constraints arise mostly as a result of the different perceptions, attitudes, opinions and concerns of stakeholders towards the risks and benefits of D/ER programmes and due to the lack of stakeholder involvement in planning. There are different approaches to address these constraints, however all approaches have common points: early involvement, respect for different views, mutual understanding and learning. These results are relevant for all ongoing and planned D/ER programmes.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)171-180
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of environmental radioactivity
Early online date20 Jun 2017
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019


  • communication, decommissioning, stakeholder engagement, environmental remediation

ID: 2971127