Soil and vegetation sampling during the early stage of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident and the implication for the emergency preparedness for agricultural systems

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Soil and vegetation sampling during the early stage of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident and the implication for the emergency preparedness for agricultural systems. / Onda, Yuichi; Sweeck, Lieve; Shinano, Takuro; Dercon, Gerd; Lee Zhi Yi, Amelia.

In: Journal of environmental radioactivity, Vol. 223-224, 106373, 01.11.2020, p. 1-12.

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Onda, Yuichi ; Sweeck, Lieve ; Shinano, Takuro ; Dercon, Gerd ; Lee Zhi Yi, Amelia. / Soil and vegetation sampling during the early stage of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident and the implication for the emergency preparedness for agricultural systems. In: Journal of environmental radioactivity. 2020 ; Vol. 223-224. pp. 1-12.

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@article{6d361c8e415844e299101b0948706df2,
title = "Soil and vegetation sampling during the early stage of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident and the implication for the emergency preparedness for agricultural systems",
abstract = "After the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) accident, immediate soil and vegetation sampling were conducted according to the action plan of nuclear emergency monitoring; however, analysing the monitoring dataset was difficult because the sampling protocols were not standardised. In this study, the sampling protocols applied just after the FDNPP accident were reviewed, and the monitoring data were analysed. The detailed protocols and results can provide a sound basis for guidelines of soil and vegetation sampling for nuclear emergency monitoring. The activity concentrations of 137Cs and 131I in weed samples measured immediately after the FDNPP accident were related to the air dose rate at 1 m. Consequently, vegetation sampling is recommended when the additional dose rate (above background) is higher than 0.1 μSv/h. To enhance the efficiency of a protective response in the case of a nuclear accident, predetermined sampling points for soil and vegetation sampling should be considered in the preparedness plan for nuclear emergencies. Furthermore, sampling and analytical measurement capacities (time, people, cost) during the early phase after nuclear emergencies need to be considered in the preparedness and action plan, and sampling and measurement exercises are highly recommended.",
keywords = "Nuclear emergency, Soil and vegetation sampling, Fukushima nuclear power plant accident, 137Cs, 131-I",
author = "Yuichi Onda and Lieve Sweeck and Takuro Shinano and Gerd Dercon and {Lee Zhi Yi}, Amelia",
note = "Score=10",
year = "2020",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jenvrad.2020.106373",
language = "English",
volume = "223-224",
pages = "1--12",
journal = "Journal of environmental radioactivity",
issn = "0265-931X",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Soil and vegetation sampling during the early stage of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident and the implication for the emergency preparedness for agricultural systems

AU - Onda, Yuichi

AU - Sweeck, Lieve

AU - Shinano, Takuro

AU - Dercon, Gerd

AU - Lee Zhi Yi, Amelia

N1 - Score=10

PY - 2020/11/1

Y1 - 2020/11/1

N2 - After the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) accident, immediate soil and vegetation sampling were conducted according to the action plan of nuclear emergency monitoring; however, analysing the monitoring dataset was difficult because the sampling protocols were not standardised. In this study, the sampling protocols applied just after the FDNPP accident were reviewed, and the monitoring data were analysed. The detailed protocols and results can provide a sound basis for guidelines of soil and vegetation sampling for nuclear emergency monitoring. The activity concentrations of 137Cs and 131I in weed samples measured immediately after the FDNPP accident were related to the air dose rate at 1 m. Consequently, vegetation sampling is recommended when the additional dose rate (above background) is higher than 0.1 μSv/h. To enhance the efficiency of a protective response in the case of a nuclear accident, predetermined sampling points for soil and vegetation sampling should be considered in the preparedness plan for nuclear emergencies. Furthermore, sampling and analytical measurement capacities (time, people, cost) during the early phase after nuclear emergencies need to be considered in the preparedness and action plan, and sampling and measurement exercises are highly recommended.

AB - After the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) accident, immediate soil and vegetation sampling were conducted according to the action plan of nuclear emergency monitoring; however, analysing the monitoring dataset was difficult because the sampling protocols were not standardised. In this study, the sampling protocols applied just after the FDNPP accident were reviewed, and the monitoring data were analysed. The detailed protocols and results can provide a sound basis for guidelines of soil and vegetation sampling for nuclear emergency monitoring. The activity concentrations of 137Cs and 131I in weed samples measured immediately after the FDNPP accident were related to the air dose rate at 1 m. Consequently, vegetation sampling is recommended when the additional dose rate (above background) is higher than 0.1 μSv/h. To enhance the efficiency of a protective response in the case of a nuclear accident, predetermined sampling points for soil and vegetation sampling should be considered in the preparedness plan for nuclear emergencies. Furthermore, sampling and analytical measurement capacities (time, people, cost) during the early phase after nuclear emergencies need to be considered in the preparedness and action plan, and sampling and measurement exercises are highly recommended.

KW - Nuclear emergency

KW - Soil and vegetation sampling

KW - Fukushima nuclear power plant accident

KW - 137Cs

KW - 131-I

UR - https://ecm.sckcen.be/OTCS/llisapi.dll/open/40932310

U2 - 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2020.106373

DO - 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2020.106373

M3 - Article

VL - 223-224

SP - 1

EP - 12

JO - Journal of environmental radioactivity

JF - Journal of environmental radioactivity

SN - 0265-931X

M1 - 106373

ER -

ID: 6950945