Soil microbial community structure and functionality changes in response to long-term metal and radionuclide pollution

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Soil microbial community structure and functionality changes in response to long-term metal and radionuclide pollution. / Rogiers, Tom; Claesen, Jürgen; Van Gompel, Axel; Vanhoudt, Nathalie; Ahmed, Mohamed; Williamson, Adam; Leys, Natalie; Van Houdt, Rob; Boon, Nico; Mijnendonckx, Kristel.

In: Environmental Microbiology, Vol. 23, No. 3, 01.03.2021, p. 1670-1683.

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@article{76c43cea9c94461792cf28cdf3d2b7f5,
title = "Soil microbial community structure and functionality changes in response to long-term metal and radionuclide pollution",
abstract = "Microbial communities are essential for a healthy soil ecosystem. Metals and radionuclides can exert a persistent pressure on the soil microbial community. However, little is known on the effect of long-term cocontamination of metals and radionuclides on the microbial community structure and functionality. We investigated the impact of historical discharges of the phosphate and nuclear industry on the microbial community in the Grote Nete river basin in Belgium. Eight locations were sampled along a transect to the river edge and one location further in the field. Chemical analysis demonstrated a metal and radionuclide contamination gradient and revealed a distinct clustering of the locations based on all metadata. Moreover, a relation between the chemical parameters and the bacterial community structure was demonstrated. Although no difference in biomass was observed between locations, cultivation-dependent experiments showed that communities from contaminated locations survived better on singular metals than communities from control locations. Furthermore, nitrification, a key soil ecosystem process seemed affected in contaminated locations when combining metadata with microbial profiling. These results indicate that long-term metal and radionuclide pollution impacts the microbial community structure and functionality and provides important fundamental insights into microbial community dynamics in co-metalradionuclide contaminated sites.",
keywords = "Microorganismes, Ecosystem, Radionuclides, Metals",
author = "Tom Rogiers and J{\"u}rgen Claesen and {Van Gompel}, Axel and Nathalie Vanhoudt and Mohamed Ahmed and Adam Williamson and Natalie Leys and {Van Houdt}, Rob and Nico Boon and Kristel Mijnendonckx",
note = "Score=10",
year = "2021",
month = mar,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/1462-2920.15394",
language = "English",
volume = "23",
pages = "1670--1683",
journal = "Environmental Microbiology",
issn = "1462-2912",
publisher = "Wiley - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd",
number = "3",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Soil microbial community structure and functionality changes in response to long-term metal and radionuclide pollution

AU - Rogiers, Tom

AU - Claesen, Jürgen

AU - Van Gompel, Axel

AU - Vanhoudt, Nathalie

AU - Ahmed, Mohamed

AU - Williamson, Adam

AU - Leys, Natalie

AU - Van Houdt, Rob

AU - Boon, Nico

AU - Mijnendonckx, Kristel

N1 - Score=10

PY - 2021/3/1

Y1 - 2021/3/1

N2 - Microbial communities are essential for a healthy soil ecosystem. Metals and radionuclides can exert a persistent pressure on the soil microbial community. However, little is known on the effect of long-term cocontamination of metals and radionuclides on the microbial community structure and functionality. We investigated the impact of historical discharges of the phosphate and nuclear industry on the microbial community in the Grote Nete river basin in Belgium. Eight locations were sampled along a transect to the river edge and one location further in the field. Chemical analysis demonstrated a metal and radionuclide contamination gradient and revealed a distinct clustering of the locations based on all metadata. Moreover, a relation between the chemical parameters and the bacterial community structure was demonstrated. Although no difference in biomass was observed between locations, cultivation-dependent experiments showed that communities from contaminated locations survived better on singular metals than communities from control locations. Furthermore, nitrification, a key soil ecosystem process seemed affected in contaminated locations when combining metadata with microbial profiling. These results indicate that long-term metal and radionuclide pollution impacts the microbial community structure and functionality and provides important fundamental insights into microbial community dynamics in co-metalradionuclide contaminated sites.

AB - Microbial communities are essential for a healthy soil ecosystem. Metals and radionuclides can exert a persistent pressure on the soil microbial community. However, little is known on the effect of long-term cocontamination of metals and radionuclides on the microbial community structure and functionality. We investigated the impact of historical discharges of the phosphate and nuclear industry on the microbial community in the Grote Nete river basin in Belgium. Eight locations were sampled along a transect to the river edge and one location further in the field. Chemical analysis demonstrated a metal and radionuclide contamination gradient and revealed a distinct clustering of the locations based on all metadata. Moreover, a relation between the chemical parameters and the bacterial community structure was demonstrated. Although no difference in biomass was observed between locations, cultivation-dependent experiments showed that communities from contaminated locations survived better on singular metals than communities from control locations. Furthermore, nitrification, a key soil ecosystem process seemed affected in contaminated locations when combining metadata with microbial profiling. These results indicate that long-term metal and radionuclide pollution impacts the microbial community structure and functionality and provides important fundamental insights into microbial community dynamics in co-metalradionuclide contaminated sites.

KW - Microorganismes

KW - Ecosystem

KW - Radionuclides

KW - Metals

UR - https://ecm.sckcen.be/OTCS/llisapi.dll/open/41966861

U2 - 10.1111/1462-2920.15394

DO - 10.1111/1462-2920.15394

M3 - Article

VL - 23

SP - 1670

EP - 1683

JO - Environmental Microbiology

JF - Environmental Microbiology

SN - 1462-2912

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 7012426