Space station biomining experiment demonstrates rare earth element extraction in microgravity and Mars gravity

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Space station biomining experiment demonstrates rare earth element extraction in microgravity and Mars gravity. / Cockell, Charles S.; Santomartino, Rosa; Finster, Kai; Waajen, Annemiek C.; Eades, Lorna J.; Moeller, Ralf; Rettberg, Petra; Fuchs, Felix; Van Houdt, Rob; Leys, Natalie; Coninx, Ilse; Hatton, Jason; Parmitano, Luca; Krause, Jutta; Koehler, Andrea; Caplin, Nicol; Zuijderduijn, Lobke; Demets, René; Mariani, Alessandro; Pellari, Stefano S.; Carubia, Fabrizio ; Luciani, Giacomo; Balsamo, Michele; Zolesi, Valfredo; Doswald-Winkler, Jeannine; Herova, Magdalena; Rattenbacher, Bernd; Wadsworth, Jennifer; Everroad, Craig R.

In: Nature Communications, Vol. 11, 5523, 10.11.2020, p. 1-11.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Cockell, CS, Santomartino, R, Finster, K, Waajen, AC, Eades, LJ, Moeller, R, Rettberg, P, Fuchs, F, Van Houdt, R, Leys, N, Coninx, I, Hatton, J, Parmitano, L, Krause, J, Koehler, A, Caplin, N, Zuijderduijn, L, Demets, R, Mariani, A, Pellari, SS, Carubia, F, Luciani, G, Balsamo, M, Zolesi, V, Doswald-Winkler, J, Herova, M, Rattenbacher, B, Wadsworth, J & Everroad, CR 2020, 'Space station biomining experiment demonstrates rare earth element extraction in microgravity and Mars gravity', Nature Communications, vol. 11, 5523, pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-19276-w

APA

Cockell, C. S., Santomartino, R., Finster, K., Waajen, A. C., Eades, L. J., Moeller, R., Rettberg, P., Fuchs, F., Van Houdt, R., Leys, N., Coninx, I., Hatton, J., Parmitano, L., Krause, J., Koehler, A., Caplin, N., Zuijderduijn, L., Demets, R., Mariani, A., ... Everroad, C. R. (2020). Space station biomining experiment demonstrates rare earth element extraction in microgravity and Mars gravity. Nature Communications, 11, 1-11. [5523]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-19276-w

Vancouver

Cockell CS, Santomartino R, Finster K, Waajen AC, Eades LJ, Moeller R et al. Space station biomining experiment demonstrates rare earth element extraction in microgravity and Mars gravity. Nature Communications. 2020 Nov 10;11:1-11. 5523. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-19276-w

Author

Cockell, Charles S. ; Santomartino, Rosa ; Finster, Kai ; Waajen, Annemiek C. ; Eades, Lorna J. ; Moeller, Ralf ; Rettberg, Petra ; Fuchs, Felix ; Van Houdt, Rob ; Leys, Natalie ; Coninx, Ilse ; Hatton, Jason ; Parmitano, Luca ; Krause, Jutta ; Koehler, Andrea ; Caplin, Nicol ; Zuijderduijn, Lobke ; Demets, René ; Mariani, Alessandro ; Pellari, Stefano S. ; Carubia, Fabrizio ; Luciani, Giacomo ; Balsamo, Michele ; Zolesi, Valfredo ; Doswald-Winkler, Jeannine ; Herova, Magdalena ; Rattenbacher, Bernd ; Wadsworth, Jennifer ; Everroad, Craig R. / Space station biomining experiment demonstrates rare earth element extraction in microgravity and Mars gravity. In: Nature Communications. 2020 ; Vol. 11. pp. 1-11.

Bibtex - Download

@article{ac65a7f82bdb42368b123c2522c1ccd1,
title = "Space station biomining experiment demonstrates rare earth element extraction in microgravity and Mars gravity",
abstract = "Microorganisms are employed to mine economically important elements from rocks, including the rare earth elements (REEs), used in electronic industries and alloy production. We carried out a mining experiment on the International Space Station to test hypotheses on the bioleaching of REEs from basaltic rock in microgravity and simulated Mars and Earth gravities using three microorganisms and a purposely designed biomining reactor. Sphingomonas desiccabilis enhanced mean leached concentrations of REEs compared to non-biological controls in all gravity conditions. No significant difference in final yields was observed between gravity conditions, showing the efficacy of the process under different gravity regimens. Bacillus subtilis exhibited a reduction in bioleaching efficacy and Cupriavidus metallidurans showed no difference compared to non-biological controls, showing the microbial specificity of the process, as on Earth. These data demonstrate the potential for space biomining and the principles of a reactor to advance human industry and mining beyond Earth.",
keywords = "ISS, International Space Station, Rare earth elements, Cupriavidus",
author = "Cockell, {Charles S.} and Rosa Santomartino and Kai Finster and Waajen, {Annemiek C.} and Eades, {Lorna J.} and Ralf Moeller and Petra Rettberg and Felix Fuchs and {Van Houdt}, Rob and Natalie Leys and Ilse Coninx and Jason Hatton and Luca Parmitano and Jutta Krause and Andrea Koehler and Nicol Caplin and Lobke Zuijderduijn and Ren{\'e} Demets and Alessandro Mariani and Pellari, {Stefano S.} and Fabrizio Carubia and Giacomo Luciani and Michele Balsamo and Valfredo Zolesi and Jeannine Doswald-Winkler and Magdalena Herova and Bernd Rattenbacher and Jennifer Wadsworth and Everroad, {Craig R.}",
note = "Score=10",
year = "2020",
month = nov,
day = "10",
doi = "10.1038/s41467-020-19276-w",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "1--11",
journal = "Nature Communications",
issn = "2041-1723",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",

}

RIS - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Space station biomining experiment demonstrates rare earth element extraction in microgravity and Mars gravity

AU - Cockell, Charles S.

AU - Santomartino, Rosa

AU - Finster, Kai

AU - Waajen, Annemiek C.

AU - Eades, Lorna J.

AU - Moeller, Ralf

AU - Rettberg, Petra

AU - Fuchs, Felix

AU - Van Houdt, Rob

AU - Leys, Natalie

AU - Coninx, Ilse

AU - Hatton, Jason

AU - Parmitano, Luca

AU - Krause, Jutta

AU - Koehler, Andrea

AU - Caplin, Nicol

AU - Zuijderduijn, Lobke

AU - Demets, René

AU - Mariani, Alessandro

AU - Pellari, Stefano S.

AU - Carubia, Fabrizio

AU - Luciani, Giacomo

AU - Balsamo, Michele

AU - Zolesi, Valfredo

AU - Doswald-Winkler, Jeannine

AU - Herova, Magdalena

AU - Rattenbacher, Bernd

AU - Wadsworth, Jennifer

AU - Everroad, Craig R.

N1 - Score=10

PY - 2020/11/10

Y1 - 2020/11/10

N2 - Microorganisms are employed to mine economically important elements from rocks, including the rare earth elements (REEs), used in electronic industries and alloy production. We carried out a mining experiment on the International Space Station to test hypotheses on the bioleaching of REEs from basaltic rock in microgravity and simulated Mars and Earth gravities using three microorganisms and a purposely designed biomining reactor. Sphingomonas desiccabilis enhanced mean leached concentrations of REEs compared to non-biological controls in all gravity conditions. No significant difference in final yields was observed between gravity conditions, showing the efficacy of the process under different gravity regimens. Bacillus subtilis exhibited a reduction in bioleaching efficacy and Cupriavidus metallidurans showed no difference compared to non-biological controls, showing the microbial specificity of the process, as on Earth. These data demonstrate the potential for space biomining and the principles of a reactor to advance human industry and mining beyond Earth.

AB - Microorganisms are employed to mine economically important elements from rocks, including the rare earth elements (REEs), used in electronic industries and alloy production. We carried out a mining experiment on the International Space Station to test hypotheses on the bioleaching of REEs from basaltic rock in microgravity and simulated Mars and Earth gravities using three microorganisms and a purposely designed biomining reactor. Sphingomonas desiccabilis enhanced mean leached concentrations of REEs compared to non-biological controls in all gravity conditions. No significant difference in final yields was observed between gravity conditions, showing the efficacy of the process under different gravity regimens. Bacillus subtilis exhibited a reduction in bioleaching efficacy and Cupriavidus metallidurans showed no difference compared to non-biological controls, showing the microbial specificity of the process, as on Earth. These data demonstrate the potential for space biomining and the principles of a reactor to advance human industry and mining beyond Earth.

KW - ISS

KW - International Space Station

KW - Rare earth elements

KW - Cupriavidus

UR - https://ecm.sckcen.be/OTCS/llisapi.dll/open/41515016

U2 - 10.1038/s41467-020-19276-w

DO - 10.1038/s41467-020-19276-w

M3 - Article

VL - 11

SP - 1

EP - 11

JO - Nature Communications

JF - Nature Communications

SN - 2041-1723

M1 - 5523

ER -

ID: 6978579