Spent Fuel Measurements with the Fork Detector at the Nuclear Power Plant of Doel

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Spent Fuel Measurements with the Fork Detector at the Nuclear Power Plant of Doel. / Borella, Alessandro; Carchon, Roland; DeLimelette, Caroline; Symens, Dieter; van der Meer, Klaas.

ESARDA 33rd annual meeting. Luxembourg, 2011.

Research output: Contribution to report/book/conference proceedingsIn-proceedings paperpeer-review

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Borella, A, Carchon, R, DeLimelette, C, Symens, D & van der Meer, K 2011, Spent Fuel Measurements with the Fork Detector at the Nuclear Power Plant of Doel. in ESARDA 33rd annual meeting. Luxembourg, 2011 - ESARDA - European Safeguards Research & Development Association, Budapest, Hungary, 2011-05-16.

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@inproceedings{f50a360e515b4cc9a261da5cc7ef741c,
title = "Spent Fuel Measurements with the Fork Detector at the Nuclear Power Plant of Doel",
abstract = "SCK•CEN is involved in the investigations and implementation of experimental methods for the burnup determination of spent fuel elements. One of these methods is the so-called Fork Detector, consisting of two cadmium wrapped polyethylene arms containing one fission chamber and one ionization chamber each. In the case of a spent fuel element, the measured neutron count rate is mostly due to the neutron emission from the spontaneous fission of 244Cm, taking into account a sufficient cooling time; this is related to the burnup by a power function whose parameters can be determined experimentally by measuring SFEs with well-known initial enrichments and irradiation histories. This detector has been successfully used for the burnup determination in the nuclear power plant of Tihange (B). This detection system was refurbished and upgraded to fit the requirements of the nuclear power plants of Doel (B). This paper reports about the measurement and qualification campaigns that were carried out at the NPP of Doel and the results obtained, and highlights its use for satisfying the safety requirements of the Authorities, related to reprocessing and transport of spent fuel.",
keywords = "Spent Fuel, Fork detector, Burnup determination, Non Destructive Assay",
author = "Alessandro Borella and Roland Carchon and Caroline DeLimelette and Dieter Symens and {van der Meer}, Klaas",
note = "Score = 3; 2011 - ESARDA - European Safeguards Research & Development Association : 33rd ESARDA Annual Meeting ; Conference date: 16-05-2011 Through 20-05-2011",
year = "2011",
month = dec,
day = "1",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-92-79-18525-0",
booktitle = "ESARDA 33rd annual meeting",

}

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TY - GEN

T1 - Spent Fuel Measurements with the Fork Detector at the Nuclear Power Plant of Doel

AU - Borella, Alessandro

AU - Carchon, Roland

AU - DeLimelette, Caroline

AU - Symens, Dieter

AU - van der Meer, Klaas

N1 - Score = 3

PY - 2011/12/1

Y1 - 2011/12/1

N2 - SCK•CEN is involved in the investigations and implementation of experimental methods for the burnup determination of spent fuel elements. One of these methods is the so-called Fork Detector, consisting of two cadmium wrapped polyethylene arms containing one fission chamber and one ionization chamber each. In the case of a spent fuel element, the measured neutron count rate is mostly due to the neutron emission from the spontaneous fission of 244Cm, taking into account a sufficient cooling time; this is related to the burnup by a power function whose parameters can be determined experimentally by measuring SFEs with well-known initial enrichments and irradiation histories. This detector has been successfully used for the burnup determination in the nuclear power plant of Tihange (B). This detection system was refurbished and upgraded to fit the requirements of the nuclear power plants of Doel (B). This paper reports about the measurement and qualification campaigns that were carried out at the NPP of Doel and the results obtained, and highlights its use for satisfying the safety requirements of the Authorities, related to reprocessing and transport of spent fuel.

AB - SCK•CEN is involved in the investigations and implementation of experimental methods for the burnup determination of spent fuel elements. One of these methods is the so-called Fork Detector, consisting of two cadmium wrapped polyethylene arms containing one fission chamber and one ionization chamber each. In the case of a spent fuel element, the measured neutron count rate is mostly due to the neutron emission from the spontaneous fission of 244Cm, taking into account a sufficient cooling time; this is related to the burnup by a power function whose parameters can be determined experimentally by measuring SFEs with well-known initial enrichments and irradiation histories. This detector has been successfully used for the burnup determination in the nuclear power plant of Tihange (B). This detection system was refurbished and upgraded to fit the requirements of the nuclear power plants of Doel (B). This paper reports about the measurement and qualification campaigns that were carried out at the NPP of Doel and the results obtained, and highlights its use for satisfying the safety requirements of the Authorities, related to reprocessing and transport of spent fuel.

KW - Spent Fuel

KW - Fork detector

KW - Burnup determination

KW - Non Destructive Assay

UR - http://ecm.sckcen.be/OTCS/llisapi.dll/open/ezp_117802

UR - http://knowledgecentre.sckcen.be/so2/bibref/8656

M3 - In-proceedings paper

SN - 978-92-79-18525-0

BT - ESARDA 33rd annual meeting

CY - Luxembourg

T2 - 2011 - ESARDA - European Safeguards Research & Development Association

Y2 - 16 May 2011 through 20 May 2011

ER -

ID: 156421