Strength and deformation mechanism of tungsten wires exposed to high temperature annealing: Impact of potassium doping

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Institutes & Expert groups

  • V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University - Ukraine
  • IPP - Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik

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Recent efforts dedicated to the assessment of mechanical properties of tungsten wires, as means for fiber-reinforced omposites, have shown that potassium (K) doping in the as-drawn state does not modify the mechanical properties of the wire. High temperature annealing (Ta up to 2300 °C) leads to the severe embrittlement of the wire associated with the loss of fracture strength. In this work, we assess the transition behavior of pure and K-doped W wires exposed to the annealing in the temperature range of 1000–2300 °C to identify and recommend temperatures suitable for operation and fabrication of the fiber-reinforced composites. The results of mechanical tests performed in the temperature range of RT-500 °C are reported and substantiated by the electron microscopy analysis. Room temperature tests demonstrate that pure W wires become fully brittle after annealing above 1300 °C, whereas K-doped wires loses ductility above 2100 °C. With raising the test temperature to 300–500 °C, it is found that the strength of pure W wire reduces by a factor of two at Ta=1000 °C (as compared to non-annealed wire), and goes down to 100 MPa at Ta=1900 °C. The K-doping suppresses the reduction of the fracture strength at least up to Ta=1900 °C, thus offering a temperature gap of ~600 °C for the use as reinforcement.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)226-233
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Refractory Metals & Hard Materials
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jul 2018
Event2017 - 19th Plansee Seminar: International conference on High Performance P/M materials - Reutte, Austria
Duration: 29 May 20172 Jun 2017


  • Tungsten, Plasticity, Fiber, Potassium doped, Recrystallization, Annealing, Composites

ID: 4827856