Stress response and humoral immune system alterations related to chronic hypergravity in mice

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Abstract

Spaceflights are known to induce stress and immune dysregulation. Centrifugation, as hindlimb unloading, is a good ground based-model to simulate altered gravity which occurs during space missions. The aim of this study was to investigate the consequences of a longterm exposure to different levels of hypergravity on the stress response and the humoral immunity in the C57Bl/6J mouse model. Corticosterone level and anxiety behavior revealed a stress response which was associated with a decrease of body weight, after 21-day of centrifugation at 3G but not at 2G. Pro-inflammatory chemokines (MCP-1 and IP-10) and Th1 cytokines (IFNγ and IL2) were slightly decreased in the 2G group and strongly decreased in the 3G mouse group. Regarding Th2 cytokines (IL4, IL5) no further significant modification was observed, whereas the immunosuppressive cytokine IL10 was slightly increased in the 3G mice. Finally, serum IgG concentration was twice higher whereas IgA concentration was slightly increased (about 30%) and IgM were unchanged in 2G mice compared to controls. No difference was observed in the 3G group with these isotypes. Consequently, functional immune dysregulations and stress responses were dependent of the gravity level.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-147
JournalPsychoneuroendocrinology
Volume37
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012

Keywords

  • Spaceflights, Hypergravity, Stress, Cytokines, Humoral immunity

ID: 293013