Tensile properties of baseline and advanced tungsten grades for fusion applications

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Institutes & Expert groups

  • IKET KIT INE - Karlsruhe Institute of : Institute for Nuclear Waste Disposal
  • IPP - Institute of Plasma Physics - Czech academy of sciences
  • Institute of Solid State Physics - Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • UCL - Université catholique de Louvain
  • TUD - Delft University of Technology
  • UGent - Universiteit Gent

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This work aims to establish a mechanical reference database of tungsten materials that are currently under assessment of their susceptibility to neutron irradiation. To obtain the mechanical properties, we performed a set of parametric tests using mini-tensile sample geometry and fracture surface analysis. Six different types of tungsten-based materials were assessed: two commercial grades produced according to ITER specifications in Europe and China - i.e., Plansee (IGP) and AT&M (CEFTR), and four perspective lab-scale grades. These are grades reinforced with particles of TiC, Y2O3, and ZrC (W1TiC, W2YO, and W0.5ZC, respectively) as well as fine grain structure W (FG). Tests were performed in the temperature range 150–600 °C, selected specifically to reveal the ductile to brittle transition temperature and mechanisms of full plastic deformation. Most of the materials showed onset of the ductile behavior at 300 °C, except FG and IGP (in transverse orientation) grades. High yield strength and ultimate tensile strength were recorded for CEFTR, W0.5ZC, and W1TiC at the maximum investigated temperature (600 °C), which can be considered as promising for performance in the high-temperature regime. The lowest threshold temperature for ductility was determined to be 200 °C registered for the W0.5ZC grade, CEFTR (in longitudinal orientation) grades, and IGP (in longitudinal orientation) grades, hence demonstrating its high potential for divertor applications.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)153-162
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Refractory Metals & Hard Materials
Publication statusPublished - 10 Apr 2018


  • Tungsten, Mechanical properties, Uniform elongation, Fusion

ID: 5396444