The competing effects of temperature and neutron irradiation on the microstructure and mechanical properties of ITER grade tungsten

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Institutes & Expert groups

  • NCSR Demokritos - National centre for Scientific Research, Institute for Nuclear Physics - Greece
  • University of Athens
  • FZJ - Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH

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In the current work, ITER grade W irradiated at 1200 oC to a dose of 0.18 dpa has been investigated by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), Positron Annihilation Spectroscopy (PAS), X-ray diffraction, impulse excitation and depth-sensing micro-indentation. The results are compared with those of annealed unirradiated W at 1200 oC. In the as fabricated material dislocations and small vacancy clusters of 1 to 3 vacancies are present. After annealing at 1200 oC, the small vacancy clusters disappear and only the dislocations with almost un-changed density remain. Also, hardness is reduced by 4% and creep increases by 13%. Neutron irradiation at 1200 ◦C results in the increase of the dislocation line density by 3.7 times and in the formation of dislocation loops and voids. The irradiation also causes a hardness increase of about 20% and a creep decrease of 15%. Both the elastic and shear moduli decrease by 4% after irradiation at 1200 ◦C contrary to the effect of only annealing at this temperature which causes an increase in their values by 4%. Texture changes are observed only after neutron irradiation.


Original languageEnglish
Article number112608
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalFusion Engineering & Design
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2021


  • Tungsten, Neutron irradiation, Positron Annihilation Spectroscopy, Transmission Electron Microscopy, Mechanical properties, Indentation

ID: 7203302