The electrochemistry in 316SS crevices exposed to PWR-relevant conditions

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Abstract

The chemical and electrochemical conditions within a crevice of Type 316 stainless steel in boric acid–lithium hydroxide solutions under PWR-relevant conditions were modelled with a computational electrochemistry code. The influence of various variables: dissolved hydrogen, boric acid, lithium hydroxide concentration, crevice length, and radiation dose rate was studied. It was found with the model that 25 ccH2/kg (STP) was sufficient to remain below an electrode potential of -230 mVshe, commonly accepted sufficient to prevent stress corrosion cracking under BWR conditions. In a PWR plant various operational B–Li cycles are possible but it was found that the choice of the cycle did not significantly influence the model results. It was also found that a hydrogen level of 50 ccH2/kg (STP) would be needed to avoid substantial lowering of the pH inside a crevice.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)517-526
JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
Volume385
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2009

Keywords

  • modelling electrochemistry PWR

ID: 289187