The limits of public communication coordination in a nuclear emergency: lessons from media reporting on the Fukushima case

Research output: Contribution to report/book/conference proceedingsIn-proceedings paperpeer-review

Authors

  • Iztok Prezelj
  • Tanja Perko
  • Marie Claire Cantone
  • Eduardo Gallego
  • Yevgeniya Tomkiv
  • Deborah Oughton

Institutes & Expert groups

  • POLIMI - Politecnico di Milano
  • NMBU - Norwegian University of Life Sciences

Documents & links

Abstract

Coordination of public communication has become a key issue in management of complex emergencies, and is a matter of debate between nuclear emergency management professionals. A particular problem is when inconsistent information is sent to the media and public by official sources from different levels, which has led to calls for a more coordinated approach. The IAEA created guidelines recommending a one-voice communication approach that provides clear, consistent and coordinated information by relevant stakeholders. The reviewed theory on the emergency communication coordination and the empirical results in this paper demonstrate some challenges regarding the feasibility of the above stated goal. This paper explores the communication process in the two-month period of the Fukushima nuclear emergency by using a quantitative comparative content and discourse analysis of 1340 printed media articles on the Fukushima nuclear disaster from two major newspapers in Spain (‘El País’ and ‘El Mundo’), Italy (‘Corriere della Sera’ and ‘La Repubblica’), Norway (‘Aftenposten’ and ‘Dagsavisen’), Slovenia (‘Delo’ and ‘Večer’), Belgium (‘Le Soir’ and ‘De Standaard’) and Russia (‘Komsomolskaya Pravda’ and ‘Izvestiya’). The results show that it will be difficult to achieve a truly coordinated approach and one-voice communication in severe nuclear and radiological emergency due to the communication difficulties created by the dispersion of information sources, a broad and dispersed focus of the reported information, partially subjective and conflicting media reporting. The paper suggests ways to improve public communication coordination in nuclear and radiological disasters.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationJournal of Radiological Protection
Pages45-63
Volume36/2
Edition2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2016
EventRICOMET 2015 - Risk perception, communication and ethics of exposures to ionising radiation - Brdo Castle, Kranj, Slovenia
Duration: 15 Jun 201517 Jun 2015
http://eagle.sckcen.be/en/Project-Events/20150615_RICOMET

Publication series

NameJournal of Radiological protection
PublisherIOP - IOP Publishing
ISSN (Print)0952-4746

Conference

ConferenceRICOMET 2015 - Risk perception, communication and ethics of exposures to ionising radiation
Country/TerritorySlovenia
CityKranj
Period2015-06-152015-06-17
Internet address

Keywords

  • Nuclear emergency, crisis, communication, coordination, Fukushima, media

ID: 6774347