Thermophysical properties of NpO2, AmO2 and CmO2

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Abstract

The information on thermal and mechanical properties of the minor actinide dioxides: NpO2, AmO2 and CmO2, is still very scarce, and a large uncertainty exists because of difficulties related to their fabrication and manipulation. Prognosis based on a set of the sound physical models and the similarity principle can be useful in this situation. Using the combination of the macroscopic and microscopic approaches developed earlier for thermodynamic properties of actinide dioxides, and the Klemmens model for their thermal conductivity, a few relationships bounding the main thermophysical properties of the actinide dioxides were deduced. These relationships were applied for the calculation of the isochoric heat capacity, the isobaric thermal expansion coefficient, the isothermal bulk elastic modulus and the thermal conductivity of NpO2, AmO2 and CmO2 in a large temperature range. A rather satisfactory agreement with the available experimental data and recommendations was demonstrated.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-51
JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
Volume389
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2009
EventThe 12th Symposium on Thermochemistry and Thermophysics of Nuclear Materials (STTNM-2008) - University of Vienna, Pörtschach, Austria
Duration: 30 Aug 20083 Sep 2008

Keywords

  • thermal properties, solids, dioxides, minor actinides, modelling

ID: 333751