Tungsten and beryllium armour development for the JET ITER-like wall project

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • H. Maier
  • T. Hirai
  • M. Rubel
  • Ph. Mertens
  • H. Greuner
  • Ch. Hopf
  • G.F. Matthews
  • O. Neubauer
  • G. Piazza
  • E. Gauthier
  • J. Likonen
  • R. Mitteau
  • G. Maddaluno
  • B. Riccardi
  • V. Philipps
  • C. Ruset
  • C.P. Lungu
  • Inge Uytdenhouwen

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For the ITER-like wall project at JET, the present main chamber CFC tiles will be exchanged with Be tiles and in parallel a fully tungsten-clad divertor will be prepared. Three R&D programmes were initiated: Be coatings on Inconel as well as Be erosion markers were developed for the first wall of the main chamber. For the divertor a conceptual design for a bulk W horizontal target plate was investigated, with the emphasis on minimizing electromagnetic forces. The design consisted of stacks of W lamellae of 6mm width that were insulated in the toroidal direction. High heat flux tests of a test module were performed with an electron beam. No macroscopic failure occurred during the test while SEM showed the development of micro-cracks on the loaded surface. For all other divertor parts R&D was performed to provide the technology to coat the 2-directional CFC material used at JET with thin tungsten coatings. All coatings developed cracks perpendicular to the CFC fibres due to the stronger contraction of the coating upon cool-down after the heat load pulses.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)222-227
JournalNuclear Fusion
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2007


  • ITER like wall, JET, fusion, tungsten, beryllium

ID: 182930