Use of Miniaturized Compact Tension Specimens for Fracture Toughness Measurements in the Upper Shelf Regime

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Abstract

In the nuclear field, the importance of direct fracture toughness measurements on RPV materials has been nowadays widely recognized, as opposed to Charpy-based estimations. However, sample dimensions have to be kept small in order to optimize the use of available material (often in the form of previously broken Charpy specimens) or, in the case of new irradiations, make effective use of the limited space available inside irradiation facilities. One of the most appealing geometries for fracture toughness measurements is the miniature Compact Tension specimen, MC(T), which has the following dimensions: B = 4.15 mm, W = 8.3 mm, cross section 10 × 10 mm². Four MC(T) specimens can be machined out of a broken half Charpy, and in the case of irradiation ten MC(T) samples occupy approximately the same volume as a full-size Charpy specimen. A comprehensive investigation is presented in this paper, aimed at assessing the applicability of MC(T) specimens to measure fracture toughness in fully ductile (upper shelf) conditions. In this study, 18 1TC(T) and 20 MC(T) specimens have been tested at different temperatures from three RPV steels and one low-alloy C-Mn steel.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFatigue & Fracture Mechanics - 35th Volume
Place of PublicationWest Conshohocken, PA, United States
Pages374-389
Volume1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2008
Event35th ASTM Symposium on Fatigue & Fracture Mechanics - ASTM, Reno, NV, United States
Duration: 18 May 200520 May 2005

Publication series

NameSpecial Tecnical Publication (STP)
NumberSTP 1480

Conference

Conference35th ASTM Symposium on Fatigue & Fracture Mechanics
CountryUnited States
CityReno, NV
Period2005-05-182005-05-20

Keywords

  • Ductile fracture toughness measurement, miniature Compact Tension specimen, ductile tearing initiation, J-R curve, work hardening, loss of constraint

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